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"Untitled 276" Sherman
-mocks western image of women
-vulgar pose mocks the idea of women being objects
Basquiat "Horn Players"
-substance abuse (drugs)
Mapplethorpe "Lisa Lyon"
-redefined gender roles
-convey strength instead of sexuality
-feminine qualities (flowers/veil)
-masculine qualities (muscles)
Walker "A Work on Progress"
-gender and race issues
-house-maid casting out another woman
Saar "The Liberation of Aunt Jemima"
-transformation of black women from passive domestic figure to having power and importance
-shows black women stereotypes- fat, big lips, raises white children, works for white families, domesticated
-exposing stereotypes in society
-influence of American capitalism on communist China
Weiwei "Dropping of a Han Urn"
-protest human abuse in China
-cultural revolution in China
Kiefer "Your Golden hair, Margarete"
-attempt to help Germans come to terms with what happened in WWII
-help bring people together
-coming to terms and moving on
-cars with explosions
-destruction can be beauty
-fear of lack of control in daily life
-remake of Olympia by Manet- gender roles, Japanese absorption of Western culture
Ofili "The Holy Virgin Mary" and "No Woman no Cry"
-challenge racial stereotypes
Muniz "Garbage PIckers"
-uses garbage to speak about the wastefulness of the world today
-recreates old works with unconcentional materials
-uses the world's trash to make beautiful art
Xu Bing "Phoenix"
-express his disgust with the bad treatment of the migrant workers in CHina
-rise of ashes from destruction
-ope for a better future
-uses trash, construction materials, shovers, jackhammers, hardhats, to represent bad conditions
Maya Lin "Vietnam War Memorial"
-designed to fit into the land
-you see a reflection of yourself
Frank Gehry "Walt Disney Concert Hall"
-whimsical, flowy design
-architecture goes with nature
-no perfect angles, just like in nature
Goldsworthy "The Running Wall"
-temporary art reflects on impermanence- art is about making art, not the final produce
-uses elements of nature
-the wall doesn't disturb nature
Christo and jeanne-Claude "The Running Fence"
-relationship between nature and humanity
-fence interacts with the land
-works were environmentally friendly
Jake and Dinos Chapman "Zygotic Acceleration"
-some freaky shit
-sexualization of children
-technology- genetic engineering
Hirst "The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone LIving"
-give death a sense of beauty
-fragility of life
Neshat "Rebellious Silence"
-uses symbols to raise awareness for social and political issues for Iranian women today
-veil represents oppression
-gun represents fighting back
Sedira "Mother Tongue"
-women in the same family: 3 languages, 3 generations
-illustrate cultural identity and gender
Shikoh "Self Portrait 1" and "Beehive"
-captures what it means to be Muslim American
-deals with westernization of traditional Pakistani culture
-headscarves-mixing of cultures
-statue of liberty represents immigration
Qureshi "And How Many Rains Must Fall Before the Stains are Washed Clean"
-spills paint and then paints in it
-spontaneous- like life
-looks like blood from afar, flowers/flowers up close: symbolizes how death comes from life, hope comes from tragedy
-rebirth and renewal
-influenced by terrorist attacks
Samba "Little Kadago"
--cartoon style, billboard art, comic strip art
-social, political, economic, and cultural realities of the Congo
-depicts children being enlisted into the militia
-paints about many cultures- wants to bring people together
Hazoume "La Bouche du Roi" (The King's Mouth)
-use of masks
-uses different materials (bottles, metal, vacuum cleaners, plastic)
-impact of western consumerism on Africa
-atlantic slave trade
-cans represent the bodies of the slaves
El Anatsui "Between Earth and Heaven"
-uses bottle caps
-not a waste, beautiful art
-this piece can be shaped and change due to the fact that many pieces make up the big piece each person contributes to the whole
Ulrick "The Burqua Project" and "Negerhosen 2000"
-Muslims do live in industrialized nations
-contrast between Islamic world and Western world
-comments on social issues
-could have many meanings
-issues of identity
Guillermo Gomez Pena and Coco Fusco "Couple in the Cage"
-the performance was fake, but people thought it was real
-meant to be satirical
-dressed as primitive natives doing primitive tasks (but they had tv/radio/coca cola in the cage)
-making fun of western ideas of exotic, primitive life
-being in a cage made them more like objects than people
Saunders "Escape from Spiderhead"
-government using technology to control emotions
-should they experiment for the greater good?
Wilson "The Diversity of Life"
-biodiversity is important
-we need to try to preserve the earth for the future
-environmental problems are ethical
Dillard "Pilgrim at Tinker Creek"
-very mystical view of nature
-close to a romantic view of nature
W.S. Merwin "To the Insects"
-talking to nature
-humans are here for a short amount of time, we destroy nature
Aboulela "The Museum"
-african vs western
-Europe has very different views on western culture than are necessarily true
Adichie "Jumping Monkey Hill"
-western view of what African life is
-stereotypes of various African countries
Darwish "Earth Presses Against Us"
-people being oppressed
-people will die because of oppression
Achebe "Dead Men's Path"
-modernity vs tradition
-ancestral footpath vs new school
Szymborska "The Terrorist, He Watches"
-terrorist watches before a bomb goes off
-how real is the threat of terrorism?
-he is calm, making it seem like something like that can happen at any time and it's not a big deal
Friedman "The Lexus and the Olive Tree"
-thought the US was becoming more aggressive and wanted to control more areas
-he doesn't think the US and the Soviet Union will ever be able to get along peacefully
-they think the system in Russia is very fragile and they're trying to create a safe environment for their policy to flourish
Neruda "United Fruit Company"
-Latin American countries being abused by trade
-the United Fruit Co. has created terrible conditions in these countries
Langston Hughes "Harlem"
-a dream deferred
-it may explode
MLK Jr. "Letter from Birmingham Jail"
-addresses fellow clergymen
-"injustive anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere"
-do not follow unjust laws
Malcom X "Message to the Grass Roots"
-violence is justified because white people made them be violent in wars like Korea, etc
-opposite of MLK
Gordimer "The Moment Before the Gun Went Off"
-white man accidentally kills black boy
-turns out the black boy is his son
-he had to have a secret relationship
-issues of race
Fukuyama "The End of History"
-if communism ends, there will be no more conflict, and history will end
Huntington "The Clash of Civilizations"
-source of conflict will be cultural differences, rather than ideological or economic differences
-interactions between people are increasing, increasing awareness of other civilizations, increasing the possibility of conflict
Everett "The Appropriation of Cultures"
-using the confederate flag as a black power symbol
-rich, well off black man showing white trash that he has more class than them (you go daniel barkley)
De Beauvoir "The Second Sex"
-traditional roles of women
-women are complacent in their roles in society
-women are submissive to men
-girl trying to find her place in the world after Islamic Revolution
-forced to wear veil
-saw the world from a different point of view after being in another country during revolution
-nothing was the same after she came back
-trying to rebel against the government
-government can control people
-the government could be going too far
-hint to the Soviet Union?
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