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learning chap 6/2
is a permanent change in behavior that results from experience.
is a type of learning occurs when a neutral stimulus becomes paired with a stimulus that causes reflexive behavior and,in time, is sufficient to produce a behavior.
a stimulus elicits an automatic response without requiring prior learning.
an originally neutral stimulus that aquires significance through "conditioning" of repeated pairings with an UCS.
is the reflexive reponse elicited by a particular stimulus.
response that depends on or is conditioned on pairing with unconditioned stimulus.
the UCS immediatly follows the CS.
learning that occurs when a CS is paired unpleasent US that leads the organism to try to avoid the CS.
irrational fearof specific objects or sitiuiation.
condioned emotional response
an emotional response elicited previously neutral stimulus.
built in readiness for certain condition stimuli to elicit certain CR so that less learning id necessary to produce conditioning.
is a built in disinclination for certain conditioned stimuli to elicit particular conditioned response.
is a process by which a CR comes to be eliminated through repeated pairing of CS without the presence of US.
the process by which the CS will again elicit the CR after extinction has occured.
is the ability to distinguish among similar CS and to respond to actual CS.
is tendency for the CR elicited by the neutral similar that are alike but not identical to CS.
is the process by which a behavior becoomes associated with its consequnces.
law of effect
states that actions that subsequently lead to the satisfying state of affairs are more like to be repeated
the process by which consequences lead to increase and liklihood that response will occur again.
add a desirable stimulus, occurs when a desired reinforcer is presented after a behavior.
is an object that comes after a reponse that changes the likelyhood of recurrence. it makes the response more likely to occur again.
ocurrs when an unpleasent event or circumstance is removed following a a desired behavior.
is an unpleasent that occurs as a consequence of behavior that decreases the liklihood of the behavior ocurring again.
occurs a behavior leads to a removal a pleasent event or circumstance.
occurs when a behavior leads an undesired consequence.
an event or an object is inherently reinforcing.
an event or object reinforcing but does not inherently satisfy a need.
reniforcement that is given some period of time after behavior is exhibited.
is the ability to generlize to similar stimuli and from a learned response to a similar response.
is the ability to distinguish btw the desired response and a similar but undesirable response.
is the process by which an old response reappears if there is a break after extinction.
isi the fading out of a response, following a intial burst of behavior, after the withdrawal of reinforcement.
is the gradual process of reinforcing organism or behavior that closer to the desired behavior.
is a reinforcement given for every desired response.
is reinforcement that is given from time to time.
a partial reinforcement schedule based on time.
a partial reinforcement schedule based on specified number of emitted responses
is the aquisition of learning that often is not immediatly acted on but is stored for later use.
the process of mentally working through a problem until the sudden realization of a solution occurs
learning that ocurrs through watching others.
is a process in which a person learns new behaviors by observing ppl.
Becoming unresponsive to a stimulus that is presented repeatedly
learning by association
a Russian researcher in the early 1900s who was the first research into learned behavior (conditioning) who discovered classical conditioning
the presentation of the CS, followed by a short break, followed by the presentation of the US
classical conditioning on avoidance
watson and reyner
condtioned emotional response
higher order conditioning
a conditioned stimulus functions as if it were an unconditioned stimulus
a technique used in behavior therapy to treat phobias and other behavior problems involving anxiety.
change your liking or evaluation of the CS
behaviorism; Law of Effect-relationship between behavior and consequence and used puzzle box.
behaviorism; pioneer in operant conditioning; behavior is based on an organism's reinforcement history; worked with pigeons and skinner box
social learninig theory