is a type of learning occurs when a neutral stimulus becomes paired with a stimulus that causes reflexive behavior and,in time, is sufficient to produce a behavior.
an originally neutral stimulus that aquires significance through "conditioning" of repeated pairings with an UCS.
response that depends on or is conditioned on pairing with unconditioned stimulus.
learning that occurs when a CS is paired unpleasent US that leads the organism to try to avoid the CS.
built in readiness for certain condition stimuli to elicit certain CR so that less learning id necessary to produce conditioning.
is a built in disinclination for certain conditioned stimuli to elicit particular conditioned response.
is a process by which a CR comes to be eliminated through repeated pairing of CS without the presence of US.
the process by which the CS will again elicit the CR after extinction has occured.
is tendency for the CR elicited by the neutral similar that are alike but not identical to CS.
law of effect
states that actions that subsequently lead to the satisfying state of affairs are more like to be repeated
the process by which consequences lead to increase and liklihood that response will occur again.
add a desirable stimulus, occurs when a desired reinforcer is presented after a behavior.
is an object that comes after a reponse that changes the likelyhood of recurrence. it makes the response more likely to occur again.
ocurrs when an unpleasent event or circumstance is removed following a a desired behavior.
is an unpleasent that occurs as a consequence of behavior that decreases the liklihood of the behavior ocurring again.
is the ability to generlize to similar stimuli and from a learned response to a similar response.
is the ability to distinguish btw the desired response and a similar but undesirable response.
is the process by which an old response reappears if there is a break after extinction.
isi the fading out of a response, following a intial burst of behavior, after the withdrawal of reinforcement.
is the gradual process of reinforcing organism or behavior that closer to the desired behavior.
is the aquisition of learning that often is not immediatly acted on but is stored for later use.
the process of mentally working through a problem until the sudden realization of a solution occurs
a Russian researcher in the early 1900s who was the first research into learned behavior (conditioning) who discovered classical conditioning
the presentation of the CS, followed by a short break, followed by the presentation of the US
a technique used in behavior therapy to treat phobias and other behavior problems involving anxiety.
behaviorism; Law of Effect-relationship between behavior and consequence and used puzzle box.
behaviorism; pioneer in operant conditioning; behavior is based on an organism's reinforcement history; worked with pigeons and skinner box