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chapter 7 & 8 vocab & timeline

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independence
being able to make up your own rules
recur
to happen again and again
representatives
people chosen to speak or vote for a group of people
legislature
an elected group of representitives who can make laws
ratify
to formally agree to a plan
constitution
a written plan of government
democracy
the power to gover is in the hands of the governed
simple majority
50%+1
fedral government
a strong central government
inflation
the process of money losing value.
compromise
each sode gives in a little to reach an agreement
checks and balances
check means to stop balance means to equally divide
legislatue branch
the branch of government that makes laws
esecutive branch
the branch of government that enforces the laws
judicial branch
the branch of government that interprets the laws
bill
a prosed law by congress
veto
the power of the president to reject or cancek a bill
override
to pass a bill over a presidential veto
impeachment
to present formal charges against a president or supreme court justice
judicial review
the right of the sumpreme court to review laws passed by congress
debate
trying to convine people of ones opinion through arguement
nullify
to make a law no longer in effect
political tactics
waysof trying to solve political problems
1754
the albany congress
1765
the stamp act boycott
1774
first continental congress
1775
second continental congress
1787
the articles of confederation
1788
constitution ratified; washington elected as first president
1791
United Stated Bill of Rights ratified
1689
english bill of rights
1215
Magna Carta (weatlthy land owners establish their rights)
bail
money given to the court to guarantee the return of the accused for their trial
subpoena
the accused can legally require witnesses to attend
jury
a group of 12 ordinary people who listen to evidence in a trial to decide if a person is guilty
grand jury
a group of oridnary people who listen to evidence and determine wether there is enough reasonible evidence to make it worth while to conduct a trial
probable cause
a good reason
search warant
a paper signed by a judge that allows the police to search someone's property
libel
printing false information designed to hurt someone
petitiion
to make a formal complaint to the government
assembly
when people meet together
liberty
free from oppression
amendment
a formal written change to a document
bill of rights
a lifst of people's rights that the government agrees all people will have