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Ap human Religion
Terms in this set (40)
What is the difference between a universalizing religion & an ethnic religion?
Universalizing religions attempt to be global, appeal to all people rather than just a group of people while an ethnic religion appeals primarily to one group of people living in one place.
What are the 3 main universalizing religions?
Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism.
Which religion has the most followers and is the most widespread?
How are religions divided?
Branches, then denominations, then sects.
What is the most dominant religion in SW & Eastern Europe?
What is the dominant religion in NW Europe?
What is dominant religion in East & SE Europe?
HOw many self-governing churches are in Eastern Orthodox?
What % of LAtin America is roman catholic?
What parts of the US are the christian branches located in?
Baptist in the SE - Lutherans in the upper midwest - Catholics in the NE
Where is Islam most prominent?
Middle east, northern Africa, & central Asia.
What does the word islam in arabic mean?
"Submission to the will of god"
What are the 5 pillars of faith and what are their meanings?
Iman - The only purpose to life is to obey God, Salah - Pray 5 times a day, Zakah - The obligation that everything belongs to God, Sawm - (Ramadan) Must fast from dawn to dusk, Hajj - Pilgrimage to Makkah
What are the 2 branches of islam?
Shiites (16%) & Sunni (83%)
HOw many followers does Buddhism have and where are they clustered?
400 million - Mainly found in China and SE Asia.
What are the Four Noble Truths?
1. All living things must suffer.
2. Suffering, which is caused by a desire to live, leads to reincarnation.
3. The goal of all existence is to end the endless cycle of reincarnation and to reach Nirvana.
4. Nirvana is attained through an Eightfold Path.
What is the Eightfold path?
Rightness of belief, resolve, speech, action, livelihood, effort, thought, and meditation.
Why did Buddhism split into different branches?
Disagreements on interpreting statements by the founder, Siddhartha Gautama.
What are the 3 branches of Buddhism?
Mahayana, Theravada, & Tantrayana.
What is the correlation between secularism and development?
The more secular a country is, the more developed it usually is.
How does the concept of local diversity vs. Globalization apply to Ethnic & Universalizing religions?
Universalizing religions globalize while ethnic religions attempt to preserve their religion in attempt to make sure it isn't lost.
How are ethnic religions dispersed?
They are very clustered. (Exception = Judaism)
What is the oldest religion?
hinduism - 6000 years old.
Where is Hinduism's Hearth?
Indus River Valley (Pakistan)
How did Hindu diffuse?
Relocation & migrant. (Islam took the place of Hinduism in Pakistan.)
What is the correlation between Urbanization & religiosity?
The more urbanized, the less religious the place is. (negative)
How do rural areas view religion?
They are very conservative about religion & politics.
Where did all the great faiths trace their hearth?
Jerusalem. (They all arose within a few thousand years.)
When did the great faiths arise?
AFTER the first agricultural revolution.
Do ethnic religions seek converts?
Can someone be a member of the cultural group but not follow the religion?
How do holidays differ between ethnic and universalizing religions?
universalizing religions' holidays are based on the founder's life while ethnic religions' holidays are based on seasonal events such as harvest or the winter solstice because they are so clustered.
How did Hinduism affect the natural landscape?
They built temples to honor one or more god. however, they try to disturb the natural environment as little as possible.
Why do Hindus practice cremation?
To prevent strain on the wood supply. (Also act of purification - releases the soul from the body. (Exception of diseased and children)
What is Ganesh?
The hindu elephant symbol. The reason it is an elephant is because they have small mouths and large ears.
What was the first monotheistic religion in the world?
Who is the founder of Islam, Christianity, and Judaism?
What are the 3 branches of Judaism?
Orthodox, Conservative, Reform (Order in most strict.)
What is the one universalizing religion that does not try to convert?
How are universalizing religions dispersed?
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