Chapter 6 - Christianity
Terms in this set (25)
The common religious meal in use in the early Church and in close relationship to the eucharistic meals; also, the Greek term for "love," used in the New Testament to mean "unconditional love."
From a Greek word meaning "to send forth." In the New Testament it designates one of the twelve men who were called by Jesus into his inner circle of confidants and disciples. Also means one who is an ambassador, delegate, or messenger.
A theological disagreement among Christians of the fourth century C.E. over the question of the nature of Jesus. Followers of Arius claimed that Jesus was entirely human, and hence not divine. This view was rejected by the Christian Church at the Council of Nicaea in 325.
Speech, though, or action that expresses contempt for God or the sacred.
A gathering or meeting of bishops from around the world to decide on matters of religious doctrine or practice.
Literally, "thanksgiving by remembering"; a specific ritual, the central act of worship in the Roman, Greek Orthodox, and some Protestant churches in which it is believed that Jesus is made present in a unique way; also known as mass or Holy Communion.
A book of the New Testament. Literally, the word gospel means "good news" and refers to the Christian beliefs that God sent a savior and that redemption is available for all.
The supernatural assistance of God given to humans in order to make them sanctified; the self-communication of God to an individual that enables a person to realize sanctity.
The denial of a defined doctrine of faith.
The love and respect of all things human and made by humans.
The remission by the Church of the temporal punishment spent in Purgatory due to sin.
The belief that the Bible in of God cannot be in error, because God, through the inspiration of the biblical authors by the Holy Spirit, is the author.
The belief that the world is coming to an end so that God can usher in His divine kingdom.
A term referring to the books exclusive to the Christian scriptures in contradistinction to the Old Testament or Jewish scriptures. Includes 27 books- four gospel, one history, 21 letters, and one piece of apocalyptic literature.
Formulated at the Council of Nicaea in 325 C.E., a statement of faith that enumerates specific Christian beliefs about the nature of God and the Church.
The state of sin in which humans have been held captive since the Fall; loss of sanctifying grace.
A short tale told by Jesus to set forth aspects of his teaching about what God is like, the nature of the kingdom of God, or mortality,
Literally "fiftieth day"; a Jewish harvest feast adapted by Christians to commemorate the day the Holy Spirit is believed to have descended upon the apostles to embolden them to proclaim their faith in public.
The governor of Judea from 25 to 35 C.E., under whom Jesus was executed.
The title for the bishop of Rome; the supreme authority of the Church and its spiritual leader.
The place of state of punishment for those who have died not totally free from sin.
Ritual ceremonies or sacred actions in which the faithful meet Christ, share his life, and are made holy.
The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. Present theory holds that Mark was written first and used as the framework for both Matthew and Luke, hence the correspondences in the texts.
Literally, the "justification of God"; the attempt by some theologians to defend God's omnipotence and goodness in the face of the evil and suffering in the world.
The Christian doctrine that expresses the belief that the one God exists in three persons and one substance' that is, that God - dynamic, united, and whole-is also, at the same time, a community.