CCQ #2: Islamic Golden age in global historical perspective

STUDY
PLAY
Five stages of transmission of scholarship from the ancient to the Islamic to the Western European and back to the Islamic world and beyond:

1- The transmission of ancient scholarship to the Islamic world
2- Islamic development of the ancient scholarship,
3- Transmission of the developed Islamic scholarship to Western Europe and Mongol China
4- Western development of science and scholarship in the Renaissance and 'Scientific Revolution',
5- Translations of limited Latin and Italian material back into Turkish to supplement existing Arabic, Persian and Turkish works



975 - 1600 CE

(Mesopotamia & Egypt (& China) → Athens → Alexandria, Persia, and India → Syria to Muslims, 3000BCE - 750 CE)

1700-1970.

1500-1970

750-950 CE
1- The transmission of ancient scholarship to the Islamic world
(Mesopotamia & Egypt (& China) → Athens → Alexandria, Persia, and India → Syria to Muslims, 3000 BCE - 750 CE)
2- Islamic development of the ancient scholarship, 750-950 CE
3- Transmission of the developed Islamic scholarship to Western Europe and Mongol China, 975 - 1600 CE
4- Western development of science and scholarship in the Renaissance and 'Scientific Revolution', 1500-1970
5- Translations of limited Latin and Italian material back into Turkish to supplement existing Arabic, Persian and Turkish works, 1700-1970.
Greek social, political, and scientific thinkers arose within a broader global historical context called 'the Axial Age' which included _______________.
__ Zoroaster in Persia.
__ Confucius in China.
__ Buddha in India.
__ the Hebrew prophets in Israel.
__ all of the above.
__ only one, two & three above.
__ all of the above.
Greek and Persian science and scholarship were transmitted to both the Eastern and Western Christian worlds via especially the Greek-speaking world centered in ___________, ________, which was founded by Alexander the Great and made into a famous center of scholarly study under Ptolemy I.

__ Athens, Greece
__ Antioch, Syria
__ Damascus, Syria
__ Jerusalem, Israel
__ Alexandria, Egypt
__ Alexandria, Egypt
Syriac-speaking Christians engaged Greek scholarship, translating many works on mathematics, astronomy, medicine and philosophy into Syriac and using them in their training centers. T or F
T
Muslim scholars interacted with Greek scholarship, at first, via _______________ until eventually beginning to engage the original Greek sources themselves.

__ Hebrew Jewish sources
__ Syriac Christian sources
__ Greek Christian sources
__ all of the above
__ only one and two above
__ Syriac Christian sources
There was a channel of transmission which appears to have run from Alexandria, Egypt to India and back to the Islamic world via the interactions of Arab and Indian traders across especially the __________.

__ Mediterranean & Black Sea routes
__ Caspian Sea routes
__ Red & Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean routes
__ all of the above __ only one and two above
__ Red & Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean routes
Concerning Muslim leaders and their contributions to scientific learning and interreligious dialogue, match the following:
1. Al-Ma'mun (813-833 CE)*
2. Al-Mansur (754-775) and Harun al-Rashid (786-809)
3. Al-Mahdi (775-785)

__ Commissioned translations of scientific, philosophical, and other scholarly works into Arabic
__ Founder of the renowned 'House of Wisdom' at Baghdad and promoter of interreligious dialogue
__ Engaged in open, public dialogue with Timothy I, the head of the Church of the East at Baghdad
2. Al-Mansur (754-775) and Harun al-Rashid (786-809)
__ Commissioned translations of scientific, philosophical, and other scholarly works into Arabic

1. Al-Ma'mun (813-833 CE)*
__ Founder of the renowned 'House of Wisdom' at Baghdad and promoter of interreligious dialogue

3. Al-Mahdi (775-785)
__ Engaged in open, public dialogue with Timothy I, the head of the Church of the East at Baghdad
The climate created by al-Ma'mun at Baghdad's 'House of Wisdom' can be compared with that which appeared in the courts of other great leaders in world history, especially _______________.

__ Genghis Khan and his Mongol court (1206-1227).
__ Akbar in Mughal India (1556-1605).
__ both of the above.
__ both of the above.
Baghdad between the eighth and tenth centuries should be spoken of in the same breath as _______________.
__ the golden age of Athens during the time of Pericles in the fifth century BCE.
__ Alexandria of the Ptolemies from the third to first centuries BCE.
__ Renaissance Florence of the Medici family in the fifteenth century.
__ all of the above.
__ only one and two above.
__ all of the above.
Baghdad's renowned 'House of Wisdom' was a magnet for scholars and intellectuals who came from all over the empire and worked in academies and public libraries associated with the palace, some Christian, some Muslim and some Jews. T or F
T
Scholars were dispatched across the empire to locate as many ancient texts as possible, the first international scientific venture in history. T or F
T
The Arab Islamic Empire was the largest empire known up to that point in history spanning from China to Europe. T or F
T
Because of the practice of annual pilgrimage to Mecca, if there was an invention that was discovered in Samarkand, it could be within the year that it would be known in Cordoba. T or F
T
The Islamic Empire's meteoric growth had left its new leaders with staggering engineering and logistical problems to contend with. T or F
T
The scientific process was born in the process of Islamic scholars questioning and challenging the Greek writings they were studying. T or F
T
The main sources of inspiration for the European Renaissance were _____________.
__ Western Europe itself (Latin & Greek).
__ Byzantine heritage (Greek).
__ Arabic Muslim contributions (Arabic).
__ all of the above.
__ only one and two above.
__ all of the above.
The primary means through which the transfer of classical learning came from Islam into Europe was _____________.
__ translation of Arabic texts into Latin.
__ academic and interreligious dialogue.
__ official court embassies and exchanges.
__ the Crusades.
__ the Muslim conquest of Constantinople in 1453.
__ translation of Arabic texts into Latin.
It was primarily at the cosmopolitan center(s) of ________ that the transfer of Greek and Arabic scholarship to the Latin West took place.
__ Toledo, Spain
__ the Mediterranean island of Sicily (just below Italy)
__ Fraxinetum & Montpellier, France
__ all of the above
__ only one and two above
__ only one and two above
Indicative of the Islamic impact on Western Europe, there are several hundred words in Western European languages, including English, derived from Arabic. T or F
T
Business was expedited by a revolutionary concept called a/the _____________, that could be written in Spain and cashed in India.
A. 'saqq'
B. check
C. bond
D. all of the above
E. only one and two above
E. only one and two above
The answer above implies you have some central bank or loan organization who is going to be good for the money. T or F
T
Muslims became some of the greatest ___________ of the Middle Ages.
A. merchants
B. craftsmen
C. both of the above
C. both of the above
The complex patterns of Muslim textiles were coveted by ____________.
A. wealthy Europeans.
B. the (Catholic) Church.
C. both of the above.
C. both of the above.
It is not unusual to find in Italian Renaissance paintings Arabic inscriptions sometimes reading 'There is no God but God, and Muhammad is his prophet'. T or F
T
Turkish Ottoman rulers in Istanbul began, in the early 1700s, to translate Western scientific works into Turkish to help advance scholarship within the Middle Eastern Muslim world. T or F
T
Because of the continual borrowing and interdependence between religions and cultures throughout world history, ____________.
__ none of them have grounds for claiming religious dominance or superiority amidst the contending claims of the world religions to humankind's social, cultural, political & economic heritage.
__ there are solid grounds for promoting mutual respect, appreciation and even cooperation between them.
__ all religions and cultures should be considered the same, with no genuine differences lying beneath or between them.
__ all of the above.
__ only one and two above.
__ only one and two above.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...