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Includes the topics listed on the study guide as well as the book questions and answers at the end!

Treaty of Campo Formio

Took Austria out of the war with France and crowned Napoleon's campaign with success

Eqyptian Campaign

Napoleon wanted to attack the British through Egypt but his fleet was destroyed by Horatio Nelson

Members of the Second Coalition

Austria, Ottoman Empire, Britain, Russia

Constitution of Year VIII

Established Napoleon as the First Consul, granted universal male suffrage and a system of checks and balances


French government dominated by Napoleon from 1700 to 1804


Between Napoleon and Pope Pius. Required refractory clergy and those who accepted revolution to resign. State had power to name bishops and pay salaries, declared "Catholicism religion of majority"

Napoleonic Code

Safeguarded all forms of property, abolished birth privileges, kept workers organizations forbidden, abolished primogeniture

Peace of Amiens

Merely a truce between France and Great Britain, restored peace to Europe

Battle of Trafalgar

British destroyed French/Spanish fleets. Ended French hopes of invading Britain. Guaranteed British control of sea

Battle of Ulm

Napoleon forced Austrian army to surrender

Battle of Austerlitz

Napoleon's greatest victory, defeated Austrians and Russians

Confederation of the Rhine

Organized by Napoleon, included Western German princes

Berlin Decrees

Issued by Napoleon, forbade allies from importing British goods, hoped to drive Britain from war

Treaty of Tilsit

Confirmed French gains, Prussia lost half of its territory, Prussia and Russia became secret allies of Napoleon

Continental System

Napoleon planned to cut off all British trade, but British economy was able to survive

Baron Von Stein's Reforms

Broke Junker monopoly of landholding, abolished serfdom

Spanish War of Liberation

France and Spain had traditionally been allies, however Napoleon wanted to place his brother Joseph on the throne. Defeated by guerrilla warfare

Austrian War of Liberation

French defeated Austrians, and caused Austria to lose much territory in Peace of Schonbrunn

Reasons for failure: Invasion of Russia

Russians used "scorched-earth" tactics and fled Moscow, cut off French supply lines, attacked during Russian winter

Congress of Vienna

Members were Great Britain, Austria, Russia and Prussia. Restored balance of power in Europe, established Netherlands, Prussia given territory on Rhine River, Austrians took control of Italy.

Treaty of Chaumont

Restored Bourbons to French throne

Hundred Days

Period of Napoleon's return. Made peace settlement harsher for France

Romantic Movement

Reaction against Enlightenment. Saw imagination supplementing reason, many urged revival of Christianity

Sturm and Drang

"Storm and Stress", movement which rejected influence of French rationalism on German literature, dramatic German poetry

Categorical Imperative

An inner command to act in every situation as one would have all other people always act in the same situation, belief of Kant

Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Believed the imagination was God at work in mind, master of Gothic poems

William Wordsworth

Believed childhood was a period of imagination, held a theory of the soul's preexistence in celestial state before creation

Lord Byron

Little sympathy for imagination, skeptical and mocking, rejected old traditions, championed personal liberty


Wrote Lucinde (supported women), involved in social issues


Part of his work fits into Romantic mold, other parts condemned excesses. Wrote Faust

Most extensive monument to Neo-Gothicism

Castle of Neuschwanstein


Subjects from nature that arouse strong emotions (fear, dread, awe)

Founder of Methodism

John Wesley


Revolt against deism and rationalism ,stressed inner heartfelt religion

Schleiermacher's Beliefs

Religion neither dogma nor ethics. Dependence on infinite reality. Christianity "religion of religions"

Herder's Beliefs

Revived German folk culture, resented French cultural dominance, Human brings develop organically.

Hegel's Beliefs

Thesis- Main set of ideas, Antithesis-challenges thesis, Synthesis-eventually becomes new thesis

Views of Islam

Most Romantics viewed Islam in unfavorable political light. Thought that Islam already fulfilled its role in history. Thomas Carlyle, British historian, supported Islam.


Belief that a nation composed of people who are joined together by bonds of common language, culture, and history should be administered by same government


Anyone who challenged their own political, social or religious views

Pillars of Conservatism

Legitimate monarchies, landed aristocracies, established churches

Statesmen who epitomized conservatism were..

Austrian prince Metternich and British Viscount Castlereagh

Frederick William III

Promised his people constitutional government, but instead created Council of State

Council of State

Increased administrative efficiency of Prussia, responsible to Frederick alone


Student associations that desired a united Germany

Carlsbad Decrees

Issued by Metternich, dissolved Burschenschaften, provided university inspectors and press censors

Final Act

Limited subjects that constitutional chambers could discuss, asserted right of monarchs to resist demands of constitutionalists

Corn Law

Maintained high prices for domestically produced grain in Great Britain

Combination Acts

Outlawed workers associations or unions, removed wage protection

Coercion Acts

Suspended Habeas Corpus and extended laws against rebellious gatherings

Peterloo Massacre

Lower classes demanded reform of Parliament, militia moved into crowd, 11 killed

Six Acts

Forbade public meetings, raised fines for rebellious actions, increased newspaper taxes, prohibited training of armed groups, sped up trials of political agitators, allowed local officials to search homes in disturbed countries

The Charter

Provided for hereditary monarch, bicameral legislative (2 part), guaranteed Dec. Of Rights of Man, religious toleration


People more royalist than monarch, carried out white terror against revolutionaries

Concert of Europe

Prevented one nation for taking a major action in international affairs without obtaining assent of others

Congress System

System of mutual cooperation and consultation, readmitted France

Spanish revolution of 1820

Ferdinand VII promised to govern by constitution but ruled alone, Spain gained Latin America colonies

Greek Revolution of 1821

Supported by Romantic writers, Greeks wanted revival of democracy and separation from Ottoman Empire, independence granted in Treaty of London

Serbian Independence

Serbians wanted independence from Ottoman Empire, became under collective protection of great powers and special protection of Russia

Revolution in Haiti

Led by former slave Toussiant L'Ouverture, result of secret conspiracy among slaves, France abolished slavery in Haiti, one of only successful slave revolts

Creole Independence

Creoles discontent with Spanish policies favoring Peninsulares, Creole juntas (political committees) claimed the right to rule regions of Latin America

San Martin in Rio de la Plata

Martin led army over Andes Mountains, achieved independence of Chile, Peru and Argentina, became protector of Peru

Simon Bolivar

Liberated Venezuela and Equador, defeated Spanish at Battle of Ayacucho

Independence in New Spain

led by Miguel Hidalgo and Jose Marie Morelos, demanded fundamental social reforms, united conservative groups, Mexico declared independent of Spain

Brazilian Independence

Joao fled to Brazil, then returned to Portugal, son Dom Pedro(king of Brazil) sympathized with Brazilian nationalists, declared independence, no wars, peaceful

Decembrist Revolt

Russian secret society members failed to swear allegiance oath to Nicholas I, Nicholas ordered cavalry to attack members, five executed, first rebellion in modern Russian history with specific political goals

Autocracy of Nicholas I

Knew Russian needed improvement but afraid of change, turned his back on reform, imposed censorship and secret police forces

Revolt in Poland

Poland granted Constitutional government, formed Nationalist movement but didn't succeed, still under control by Russia

Reactionary policies of Charles X

Lowered interest rates on government bonds, restored rule of primogeniture, punished sacrilege with death

Four Ordinances

Issued by Charles, restricted freedom of the press, dissolved Chamber of Deputies

July Revolution of 1830

Liberals filled power vacuum in Paris

Reign of Louis Philippe

Liberal monarchy, Catholicism became religion of majority rather than official religion, censorship abolished, liberal monarchy displayed no sympathy for lower classes, retained city of Algiers

Independence of Belgium

Belgium wanted independence from Dutch, British foreign minister Lord Palmerston persuaded to allow Belgium as independent

Catholic Emancipation Act

Roman Catholics could become members of Parliament, ended Anglican dominance

Great Reform Bill

Expanded size of English Electorate, increased number of voters by 50%, new boroughs created, laid foundations for further reforms, made revolution in Britain unnecessary

The single most powerful ideology of the nineteenth century was...


During the nineteenth century, nationalists challenged the political status quo in all of the following except ...

Great Britain

Economic liberals favored...

Free Trade

The Great Reform Bill

expanded the size of the English electorate

The Decembrist Revolt was led by

Junior Officers

Nicholas I saw serfdom as

A great evil, but too dangerous to reform

In the French elections of 1830, the liberals...

won a stunning victory

The Concert of Europe was...

an arrangement for resolving mutual foreign policy issues

The real goal of early nineteenth century political liberals was...

Political reform based on private property

.... was an important complement to liberalism in this period


Alexander I's reign can be considered as

initially liberal and later conservative

Early in the nineteenth century... assumed the role as protector of Serbia


Metternich's beliefs epitomized ...


The Four Ordinances issued by Charles X did all of the following except...

put an end to future elections

The Great Reform Bill of 1832 was finally passed because

The King threatened to alter the structure of the House of Lords

Under Metternich's leadership in the early 1820's, Austria moved to suppress revolutions in...

Spain and Italy

What power lost territory and prestige as a result of the Greek Revolution of 1821

Ottoman Empire

Toussaine L'Ouverture led a successful revolution in...


The wars of independence in South America were led by...


Napoleons Concordat with the Catholic Church accomplished all except..

Established Roman Catholicism as the only legitimate religion in France

The Continental System was designed to

cut off British trade with the rest of Europe

After Prussia's defeat at Jenna, many German intellectuals urged

resistance to Napoleon on the basis of German nationalism

Napoleon first faced Guerrilla warfare in


The Congress of Vienna

Established the kingdom of the Netherlands

The Critique of Pure Reason was written by


Constable and other Romantics tended to idealize

Rural Life

John Wesley was the leader of the

Methodist movement

Hegel believed ideas

Developed in evolutionary fashion

With the Napoleonic Code of`804, all of the following were true under French Law except

Primogeniture was established

Napoleons real reason for establishing the Bonapartist dynasty in 1804 was

It represented a natural expression of his ambition

Which statement best describe Napoleons treatments of the relatives he placed under control of European kingdoms

He gave them orders and expected them to be carried out

Which of the following would not be associated with the reforms of the Napoleonic Code as it affected France and much of Europe

Class distinctions were reinforced

Rebellion against French rule in Spain came from the

Peasants and lower clergy

The idea that Christianity is the Religion of Religions is associated with


Napoleon first came to national prominence as a result of his victories in


In the years before Napoleon declared himself emperor, he declared all of the following except

promoted Jacobin leaders

As a result of the Treaty of Tilsit, which of the following became allied with Napoleon?


The Quadruple Alliance included all of the following except


The Romantic movement had roots in all of the following except

the Neoclassicism of the 18century

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