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Christian kingdom in the mountains of east Africa?
capital of inland empire whose name means "great stone building"?
center for trade and learning in Mali
capital of Songhai
kingdom in the rain forest of the guinea coast
worlds largest desert?
ancient kingdom located along the fertile land of the upper Nile?
What is the Kingdom of the Soninke People located between the Niger and Sengal rivers?
The Nubian capital of Meroe was an important producer of ________.
The kingdom of _______ had a port on the Red Sea.
monsoon winds aided trade between east Africa and what other country?
what religious tradition did the axumites pars on to the Ethiopia
what group of people developed expert knowledge of the natural world by adapting to life in the Kalahari?
coast line, rain forest, high plateaus and Sahara
what geographic barriers hindered movement in Africa?
Nubian created their ow system of writing using an alphabet.
they worship their own god
how did Nubia prosper?
the Romans built roads ,clams , aqueducts and cities across north Africa
how did the Romans influence northern Africa ?
the savanna traded gold in return of salt because they need salt for their diets and hydration
describe the network of the gold salt trade between the people in the savanna and the people in the Sahara
mansa musa perform the firth pillar (the hajj) he was influential to the kingdom of Mali because he expanded
why was mansa musa so in influential to the kingdom of Mali
history and traditional folk tale
The griots of West Africa preserved _______ traditions.
Who set up a Muslim dynasty in Songhai?
_______ was the ruler who made a hajj that resulted in trading and diplomatic ties between Mali and other Muslim states.
The lack of these presented a barrier to the movement of people and
goods in Africa.
its mineral wealth
Africa's trade has always been spurred by this.
its location along a vast trade network
Meroë lasted for hundreds of years in part due to this
The wealth of Carthage arose from this
Trade across the Sahara was revolutionized by this
gold and salt
The Sahara trade was dominated by what two products?
by collecting a toll on all goods entering or leaving Ghana
How did the ruler of Ghana profit from the trade routes that met
in his empire?
What did the king of Ghana gradually absorb from Muslim traders?
by completing the hajj
How did Mansa Musa forge new trading and diplomatic ties with Muslim states?
by establishing separate government departments
What is one way in which Askia Muhammad improved the government
Axum profited from its
first beneficial, then a drawback.
Axum's conversion to Christianity was
absorbed many traditions
Over the centuries, Ethiopian Christians
marriages between Africans and non-African Muslims.
The spread of Muslim culture in East African city-states was furthered by
includes porcelain from China
Evidence of Zimbabwe's importance as a trading center
One reason Zimbabwe declined was
hunting and gathering
In dry desert areas, people adapted by practicing
matrilineal or patrilineal
Families in Africa might be either _________ or ___________ .
Africans identified __________ with divine spirits.
Art in Africa was closely tied to
The Nubian capital of Meroë was an important producer of
. Mansa Musa
Which of the following rulers made a hajj that resulted in trading and diplomatic ties between Mali and other Muslim states?
Axum prospered partly because it had a port on the
converting to Christianity
King Ezana of Axum strengthened ties with the Mediterranean world by
Kinship ties came through the father's side.
Which of the following statements describes a patrilineal culture?
believing in a supreme being
6.Which of the following practices represents an adaptation to the environment?
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