32 terms

Western Civ Chapter 3Terms for Test

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Hinduism
This Religion's main belief is that religion is a way of liberating the soul from the mistakes and disappointments of everyday life
Hindu beliefs
Reincarnation, Karma, Caste system, Moksha
Moksha
A Perfect understanding of all things (Hinduism)
Upanishads
Sacred literature of Hinduism containing Vedic hymns written as dialogue between teacher and student exploring how to achieve Moksha
Reincarnation
Rebirth of the soul until Moksha achieved
Karma
The good or bad deeds of the soul that determines rebirth
Caste System
Strict social order with multiple levels
There are 4 levels of Social Class in Hinduism:, Priests, Warriors, Traders, Peasants
Buddhism
Religion with main belief that we should all seek enlightenment
Siddhartha Gautama
Founder of Buddhism
Enlightenment
State of perfect wisdom
Nirvana
Buddha's word for release from pain
The Eightfold Path
Also called the Middle Way—Buddhists believe that by following this, humans can overcome desire
Sangha
Religious order in Buddhism (monks, nuns)
Buddhist belief
material desires cause suffering
The Four Truths
Basic beliefs formed by Siddhartha Gautama and form the foundation of Buddhism.
Part of the Four Truths
Life has suffering and sorrow, and the way to end suffering is to end all desire
Janism
Religion with belief that everything in the universe has a soul and so should not be harmed. Also preaches tolerance of all religions.
Mahavira
Founder of Jainism around 599 B.C.
Judaism
Monotheistic religion
Canaan
Ancient home of the Hebrews (Jews)
Torah
The first 5 books of the Hebrew people
Covenant
A promise between God and the Hebrew people. God promised to protect Abraham and his descendants. In return, the Hebrew promised to obey God and be loyal to him
King Solomon
A great Hebrew King who built a temple in Jerusalem (around 962 B.C.)
Tribute
A payment made by a weaker power to a stronger power to obtain peace and safety.
King Nebuchannezzar
Babylonian King who conquered Jerusalem and destroyed the temple there
Preaches tolerance of all religions
Belief of Jainism
Indo Europeans
Nomadic (wondering) peoples who probably came from the steppes
Steppes
Dry grasslands that stretch north of the Caucasus Mountains
Hittites and Aryans
Examples of Indo-Europeans
Minoans
Powerful seafaring people who sales the seas and traded, living on Crete. Made purple dye out of snails
Minotaur
Half-human, half-bull monster owned by King Minos
Phoenicians
Seafaring people from Asia who traded and lived on the Mediterranean and invented an alphabet and writing.