Female Reproductive System
Accessory parts of the uterus; fallopian tubes and ovaries.
Absence of menstrual flow.
Surgical puncture with a needle to withdraw fluid from within the amniotic sac.
Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus.
Fluid contained within the amniotic sac surrounding the fetus.
Not accompanied by ovulation (release of eggs from the ovary).
Dark, pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple.
Two small mucus-secreting glands near the opening of the vagina to the outside of the body.
Procedure for turning the fetus so that its head is the presenting part to enter the birth canal first.
Necklike, lower portion of the uterus.
Outermost membrane surrounding the developing fetus. It forms the fetal part of the placenta.
Pertaining to the chorion.
Sensitive erectile tissue, outside the body in front of the opening of the female urethra.
Visual examination of the vagina using an endoscope
Yellow glandular mass formed by an ovarian follicle that has matured and discharged its ovum. It secretes progesterone to maintain pregnancy.
Region in the lower abdomen between the uterus and the rectum.
Surgical (needle) puncture of the cul-de-sac to remove fluid for analysis and diagnosis of disease.
Painful, difficult menses (menstruation).
Painful sexual intercourse.
Stage in prenatal development from two to six weeks.
Inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix (lower, necklike portion of the uterus).
Inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (upper portion).
Inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus.
Incision of the vulva (perineum) to widen the opening of the vagina during a difficult childbirth.
Ovarian hormone that promotes female secondary sex characteristics and sexual development.
One of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus (oviducts or uterine tubes).
Union of the egg (ovum) and sperm cell.
Manner in which the fetus enters the birth canal.
Stage in prenatal development from 8 to 39 or 40 weeks.
Finger or fringe-like ends of the fallopian tubes.
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum)
Excessive or abnormal secretion of milk after breast-feeding has ended.
Reproductive cell (ovum or sperm cell).
Reproductive organs (genitals).
Nine-month period during which a fertilized egg cell develops into an infant; pregnancy.
Female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones.
Study of the female reproductive organs, including the breasts.
Female-like breast enlargement in a male.
Human chorionic gonadotropin
Secreted by the placenta to sustain pregnancy.
Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina.
Removal of the uterus.
Visual examination (endoscopic) of the uterus.
Intrauterine device (IUD)
Device inserted by a physician into the uterus to prevent pregnancy.
Shrinking of the uterus (womb) to its normal size after childbirth.
Lips of the vagina.
Production of milk.
Tubes that carry milk throughout the breast.
White to yellow discharge from the vagina.
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation.
Pertaining to the breast.
Nipple of the breast.
Surgical repair of the breast (augmentation or reduction surgery).
Removal (excision) of a breast.
Inflammation of a breast.
Beginning of the first menstrual period (menses).
Excessive uterine bleeding during menstruation and also between menstrual periods.
Gradual ending of menstruation.
Menstruation; monthly discharge of blood from the lining of the uterus.
Abnormally heavy or long menstrual periods.
Monthly shedding of the lining of the uterus; menses.
Bleeding between menstruations.
A woman who has been pregnant more than once.
A woman who has delivered more than one viable infant.
Removal of muscle tumors (fibroids) from the uterus.
Muscle layer of the uterus.
Study of newborns.
Woman who has not had any pregnancies
A woman who has never given birth to an infant.
Branch of medicine dealing with the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth.
Scanty menstrual flow.
Formation of ova (egg cells).
Removal of an ovary
Inflammation of an ovary.
Pertaining to an ovary.
Tiny sac in the ovary that contains an egg cell (ovum).
One of two female reproductive organs (gonads) that produce egg cells and female hormones (estrogen and progesterone).
Release of an egg cell from an ovary.
Egg cell; plural is ova.
Rapid labor and childbirth.
Secretion of the pituitary gland causing contraction of the uterus during labor and stimulation of milk secretion from the breast.
Act of giving birth.
Suture of the perineum (following an episiotomy).
Area between the anus and vagina in females and the area between the anus and scrotal sac in males.
Endocrine gland at the base of the brain.
Vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy.
Condition of having a developing embryo and fetus in the body for about 40 weeks; gestation.
Pertaining to before birth.
A woman during her first pregnancy.
A woman who has given birth to her first child.
Pertaining to a woman who has given birth to her first child.
Hormone secreted by the ovaries; maintains the lining of the uterus during pregnancy.
Period during which secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and the ability to reproduce begins.
Pus in a fallopian tube.
Tipping backward of an organ or a part of the body; as in the uterus.
Removal of a fallopian tube.
Inflammation of a fallopian tube.
Sagging or falling of the uterus into the vagina
Outermost layer surrounding the uterus.
Hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop; womb.
Muscular, mucosal tube extending from the uterus (cervix) to the exterior of the body.
Opening of the vagina to the exterior of the body.
Inflammation of the vagina.
External female genitalia; labia, clitoris and vaginal orifice.
Inflammation of the vulva and vagina.
Stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to 2 weeks.
Premature ending of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is able to exist on its own.
Premature detachment of the placenta from its place in the uterine wall.
System of scoring an infant's physical condition at 1 and 5 minutes after birth.
Withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction.
Carcinoma in situ
Cancerous tumor that is localized and has not spread either to nearby tissue or through the lymphatic system or bloodstream.
Carcinoma of the breast
Malignant tumor of breast tissue; breast cancer.
Carcinoma of the cervix
Malignant cells within the cervix (lower portion of the uterus).
Carcinoma of the endometrium
Malignant tumor of the uterus (endometrium).
Destruction of tissue by burning.
Abnormal cells in the cervix (lower, neck-like region of the uterus).
Inflammation of the cervix.
Surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus.
Malignant tumor of the placenta.
Chorionic villus sampling
Sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis.
Removal of a cone-shaped section of the cervix.
Use of freezing cold temperature to burn and destroy tissue.
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the cul-de-sac.
Malignant tumor containing fluid-filled sacs and glandular tissue; commonly occurring in the ovaries.
Benign tumor of cystic and glandular components, commonly found in the ovaries.
Ovarian cysts lined with a variety of cell types (hair, skin, teeth).
Widening and enlargement of a hollow organ.
Dilation and curettage
Widening (dilation) of the cervix and scraping the endometrial lining of the uterus.
Implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than in the uterus.
Endometrial tissue located outside of the uterus.
Hemolytic disease of the newborn caused by a blood group incompatibility (Rh factor) between the mother and fetus.
Removal of internal organs. Pelvic __________ is removal of ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, and sections of the intestines.
Continuous recording of fetal heart rate and uterine contractions during labor.
Presence of small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast.
Benign tumors of fibrous and muscular tissue in the uterus; leiomyomas.
Hyaline membrane disease
Acute lung disease in premature infants; respiratory distress disease syndrome of the newborn.
Accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain; in infants, the condition causes enlargement of the head.
X-ray recording of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material.
In vitro fertilization
Egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body in a laboratory dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization. Fertilized ova are then implanted into the uterus through the cervix.
Visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope.
Benign tumors of the uterus; fibroids.
Cavity or channel with a tube or tubular organ, as a blood vessel, vagina, or fallopian tube.
X-ray recording of the breast.
Meconium aspiration syndrome
Abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stools) by a fetus or newborn.
More than one fetus inside the uterus.
Malignant tumor of the ovary; ovarian adenocarcinoma.
Sacs of fluid within or on the ovaries.
Process of examining by using hands or fingers on the outside of the body.
Microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix.
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; including salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, and endocervicitis.
Recording images of sound waves as they bounce off the organs in the pelvic region.
Measurement of the dimensions of the female pelvis.
Placental implantation over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterine wall.
Abnormal condition of pregnancy marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, and edema.
Narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum in a newborn.
Respiratory distress syndrome
Abnormal condition in infants when a protein (surfactant) is missing in the lung tissues. Infants have difficult respiratory function; hyaline membrane disease.
Tying off of the fallopian tubes to make a woman incapable of reproduction; sterilization of a female.