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Two small mucus-secreting glands near the opening of the vagina to the outside of the body.
Procedure for turning the fetus so that its head is the presenting part to enter the birth canal first.
Outermost membrane surrounding the developing fetus. It forms the fetal part of the placenta.
Yellow glandular mass formed by an ovarian follicle that has matured and discharged its ovum. It secretes progesterone to maintain pregnancy.
Surgical (needle) puncture of the cul-de-sac to remove fluid for analysis and diagnosis of disease.
Inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix (lower, necklike portion of the uterus).
Incision of the vulva (perineum) to widen the opening of the vagina during a difficult childbirth.
One of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus (oviducts or uterine tubes).
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum)
One of two female reproductive organs (gonads) that produce egg cells and female hormones (estrogen and progesterone).
Secretion of the pituitary gland causing contraction of the uterus during labor and stimulation of milk secretion from the breast.
Area between the anus and vagina in females and the area between the anus and scrotal sac in males.
Condition of having a developing embryo and fetus in the body for about 40 weeks; gestation.
Period during which secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and the ability to reproduce begins.
Carcinoma in situ
Cancerous tumor that is localized and has not spread either to nearby tissue or through the lymphatic system or bloodstream.
Malignant tumor containing fluid-filled sacs and glandular tissue; commonly occurring in the ovaries.
Dilation and curettage
Widening (dilation) of the cervix and scraping the endometrial lining of the uterus.
Hemolytic disease of the newborn caused by a blood group incompatibility (Rh factor) between the mother and fetus.
Removal of internal organs. Pelvic __________ is removal of ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, and sections of the intestines.
Hyaline membrane disease
Acute lung disease in premature infants; respiratory distress disease syndrome of the newborn.
Accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain; in infants, the condition causes enlargement of the head.
X-ray recording of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material.
In vitro fertilization
Egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body in a laboratory dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization. Fertilized ova are then implanted into the uterus through the cervix.
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; including salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, and endocervicitis.
Recording images of sound waves as they bounce off the organs in the pelvic region.
Placental implantation over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterine wall.
Respiratory distress syndrome
Abnormal condition in infants when a protein (surfactant) is missing in the lung tissues. Infants have difficult respiratory function; hyaline membrane disease.
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