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He preached the word of Allah. He fled from Mecca in fear of his life adn went to Medina, where he gained many supporters. He and his followers later captured Mecca.
God of Muslims who spoke through angel Gabriel to Muhammad and told him to spread his word.
The wife and business partner of Muhammad
Desert nomads whose way of life became part of the Islamic way of life
"Rightly Guided Caliphs"
Abu-Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali were the successors (caliphs) of Muhammad that spread religion/ enpire by using the Qur'an and Muhammad's actions
Took over from caliphs and set up a hereditary system of succession
"Party" of Ali who thought that the caliph needed to be a descendent of the Prophet
Followers of Muhammad's example who did not outwardly resist Umayyads
Lived a life of poverty and devotion to spirtual path in protest of the luxurios life of the Umayyads
He chose Baghdad as the capital and he built this city strategically
He opened up the House of Wisdom in Baghdad
Greatest Physician of Muslim world who died poor because he paid for poor's medical treatment
Major Islamic religious center in present day Saudi Arabia
Petra and Palmyra
Prosporous trading centers
North of Mecca, the place where Muhammad gained his support and followers
Important trade city of the Tigris River; home of The House of Wisdom
"Successor to the Prophet"
"Submission to the will of Allah"
"One who has submitted" (to the will of Allah)
Muhammad's migration to Yathrib/ Medina
Pilgrimage to Mecca
The belief in only one god, Allah