22 terms

Islam

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Muhammad
He preached the word of Allah. He fled from Mecca in fear of his life adn went to Medina, where he gained many supporters. He and his followers later captured Mecca.
Allah
God of Muslims who spoke through angel Gabriel to Muhammad and told him to spread his word.
Khadija
The wife and business partner of Muhammad
Bedouins
Desert nomads whose way of life became part of the Islamic way of life
"Rightly Guided Caliphs"
Abu-Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali were the successors (caliphs) of Muhammad that spread religion/ enpire by using the Qur'an and Muhammad's actions
Ummayyads
Took over from caliphs and set up a hereditary system of succession
Shi'a
"Party" of Ali who thought that the caliph needed to be a descendent of the Prophet
Sunni
Followers of Muhammad's example who did not outwardly resist Umayyads
Sufi
Lived a life of poverty and devotion to spirtual path in protest of the luxurios life of the Umayyads
Caliph Al-Mansur
He chose Baghdad as the capital and he built this city strategically
Caliph Al-Ma'mun
He opened up the House of Wisdom in Baghdad
Al-Razi
Greatest Physician of Muslim world who died poor because he paid for poor's medical treatment
Mecca
Major Islamic religious center in present day Saudi Arabia
Petra and Palmyra
Prosporous trading centers
Yathrib/ Medina
North of Mecca, the place where Muhammad gained his support and followers
Baghdad
Important trade city of the Tigris River; home of The House of Wisdom
caliph
"Successor to the Prophet"
Islam
"Submission to the will of Allah"
Muslim
"One who has submitted" (to the will of Allah)
Hijrah
Muhammad's migration to Yathrib/ Medina
hajj
Pilgrimage to Mecca
monotheism
The belief in only one god, Allah