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A representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another


The commencement of two or more stressed syllables of a word group either with the same consonant sound or sound group or the same letter.


A passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication (historical or literary)


An unclear, indefinite, or equivocal word, expression, meaning, etc.


A protagonist who lacks the attributes that make a heroic figure, such a s nobility of mind and spirit, a life or attitude marked by action or purpose, and the like.


A collectively inherited unconscious idea, pattern or thought, image, etc. universally present in individual psyches. The prototype or stereotype.


An elaborate, fanciful metaphor, esp. of a strained or far-fetched nature. Extended metaphor that governs a whole poem.


The associated or secondary meaning of a word or expression in addition to its explicit or primary meaning; the suggested or implied meaning; the intention.


The explicit or direct meaning or a word or expression.


style or speaking or writing as dependent upon choice or words


the formation of grammatical sentences


The use of words, character, or plot development to convey a meaning that is opposite of its literal meaning


a mournful, melancholy, or plaintive poem, esp. a funderal song or a lament for the dead


A person or thing that makes another seem better by contrast


A catagory of artistic endeavor having a praticular form, content, technique, or the like; a distinctive literary type


tragic flaw, usually accidental, a moral mistake or an ignorant error


excessive pride or self-confidence leading to downfall


obvious and intentional exaggeration; extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally


understatement, esp. in which the affirmative is expresed by the negative of its contrary


The formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things; figurative description or illustration


A prevailing emotional tone or general attitude, the reader's attitude toward the text; atmosphere, state of mind


The author's attitude toward the text; style or manner of expression in speech or writing


A word that imitates the sound made by or associated with its referent


A figurative speech by which a locution producers in inongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect


The ordinary form of spoken or written language, without metrical structure, as distinguished from poetry or verse


A literary composition, in verse or prose, in which human folly and vice are held up to scorn, derision, or ridicule


the change from one tone, attitude, rheterical area to another

Figurative Language

speech or writing that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a special effect or meaning


a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared, usually using like, as, than, etc.


a figure of speech in which a term or phase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a rsemblance


The narrator of a literary work, a voice or character representing the speaker in a literary work

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