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39 terms

Massage Therapy Course - Set 3

Words to learn from the US Career Institute Massage Therapy Course.
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central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
nervous system outside of brain and spinal cord; primarily nerves that extend from brain and spinal cord
autonomic nervous system
involuntary part of the peripheral nervous system; regulates glands, smooth muscles, and cardiac muscles
sympathetic nervous system
division of autonomic nervous system in charge of "fight or flight" response
parasympathetic nervous system
division of autonomic nervous system in charge of rest and rejuvenation
neuron
nerve cell
dendrite
part of neuron that receives information into the cell
axon
part of neuron that conducts nerve impulses out of the cell
myelin sheath
insulates and protects axons
nerve impulse
electrical message carried by a neuron
electrolyte
conducts electrical impulses in the body
sensory neuron
neuron that gathers sensory information such as taste, smell, touch, sight, hearing, pain, pressure, heat, or light
interneuron
a neuron that carries messages between other neurons to process, integrate, think, and decide
motor neuron
a neuron that carries action messages to muscles and glands
spinal nerves
31 pairs of nerves arising from the spinal cord
cranial nerves
12 pairs of nerves arising from the brain
proprioception
unconscious sensory apparatus that monitors muscles
spindle cell
proprioceptor that measures change in length and speed of change in muscle tissue
golgi tendon organ
proprioceptor that measure the weight a muscle is moving
meninges
tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord
cerebrospinal fluid
clear fluid that circulates and surrounds brain and spinal cord
paraplegic
total motor and sensory loss of lower limbs
quadriplegic
total motor and sensory loss of upper and lower limbs
plexus
a network of nerves
respiration
breathing
pharynx
throat
larynx
voice box
trachea
windpipe
bronchial tubes
breathing tubes inside the lungs
diaphragm
primary breathing muscle
esophagus
tube between throat and stomach
pancreas
digestive organ on the left side of the thorax
liver
digestive organ on the right side of the thorax
pituitary
makes pituitary hormones
pineal
makes melatonin hormone
thyroid
makes thyroid hormones
thymus
stimulates development of immune cells
adrenals
makes stress hormones
gonads
makes sex hormones