Political Science 250, International Relations
Terms in this set (44)
One state's holding a preponderance of power in the international system, allowing it to single-handedly dominate the rules and arrangements by which international political and economic relations are conducted.
Collective Goods Problem
The problem of how to provide something that benefits all members of a group regardless of what each member contributes to it.
A solution to the collective goods problem. It establishes a power hierarchy in which those at the top control those below.
A Solution to the collective goods problem. You scratch my back and I'll scratch yours, but if you do me ill then I shall return the favor.
A solution to the collective goods problem. Cares about the interests of others in the group enough to sacrifice their own interests to benefit others.
Diplomatic, influential, military, economic.
A territorial entity controlled by a government and inhabited by a population.
The set of relationships among the worlds states, structured according to certain rules systems and patterns of interaction.
A large state
Can be IGO's(U.N.), NGO's(Amnesty Inernational) and Multinational corporations(toyota)
The trend toward increased cultural and economic connectedness between people, businesses, and organizations throughout the world.
The United States policy after WWII aimed at the prevention of the spread of communism.
During the Cold War, local or regional wars in which the superpowers armed, trained, and financed the combatants.
Levels of Analysis
A perspective on IR based on a set of similar actors or processes that suggests possible explanations to "why" questions.
Individual level of analysis
Concerns the perceptions, choices and actions of individual human beings. But only great leaders and such.
Domestic level of analysis
Concerns individuals within states that influence state actions in the international arena.
Interstate level of analysis
Concerns the influence of the international system upon outcomes. It focuses on the interactions of states themselves without regard to their internal makeup.
Global Level of Analysis
Seeks to explain international outcomes in terms of global trends and forces that transcend the interactions of states. Increasing focus of IR scholars.
Purports to set aside values, norms, and ideas about how the world SHOULD work and deal with the world the way it actually does work. Uses realpolitik.
Places an emphasis on international law, morality, ideals, and international organization rather than on power alone.
Shared expectations about what behavior is considered proper.
Means that the government has the right, in principle, to do whatever it wants in its own territory.
The use of geography as an element of power.
Balance of Power
General concept of one or more states' power being used to balance that of another state or group of states.
A situation in which actions taken by states to ensure their own security threaten the security of other states.
Also called structural realism. Explains patterns of international events in terms of the system structure.
Power Transition Theory
Theory that states the largest wars result from challenges to the top position.
Uses a threat to punish another actor if it takes a certain negative action.
A threat of force to make another actor take some action.
A situation in which rational players choose moves that produce an outcome in which all players are worse off than under a different set of moves.
A branch of mathematics concerned with predicting bargaining outcomes.
states that states are unitary actors, rationally pursuing their self interests in a system of anarchy. Even if realist ideas are granted, pessimistic views do not follow.
Envisions a world where if you just changed something everything would be better. Optimistic as opposed to realism, which is pessimistic.
A set of rules, norms, and procedures around which the expectations of actors converge in a certain issue area.
No democracies fight each other
Government Bargaining Model
Foreign Policy decisions result from the bargaining process among various government agencies.
Asks how states construct their interest through their interactions with one another.
A peace that resolves the underlying reasons for war
the goal to reclaim territory lost to another state
the ability to use military force in areas far from a country's region or sphere of influence
Mutually assured destruction
The guarantee that you both sides will be destroyed. Used as a deterrence
Strategic Defense Initiative
Defenses that could potentially shoot down incoming ballistic missiles
the expectations that actors hold about normal international relations
Refers to the process by which supranational institutions replace national ones-the gradual shifting upward of sovereignty from state to regional or global structures