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50 terms

Med Term Ch. 4 Test

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Influenza
A contagious repiratory infection characterized by onset of fever, chills, headache, and muscle pain.
Lobectomy
a prodecure the removes a portion of the lung.
Laryngostenosis
A narrowing or stricture of the voice box.
Pneunectomy
A surgical puncture to remove fluid from the lung.
Anoxia
A total absence of sxygen in body tissues.
Pneumocystis Pneumonia
A type of pneumonia seen in patients with AIDS.
Wheezes
Continuous high-pitched whistling sounds, usually during expiration.
Bronchiectasis
A disease characterized by bronchial dilation, usually leads to secondary infection.
Epiglottis
The structure that closes off the larynx, during the swallowing process.
Internal respiration
Exchange of O2 and CO2 in body cells.
Acidosis
High levels of CO2 in the bloodstream.
Stridor
High-pitched musical sound made on inspiration, caused by obstruction.
Bronchitis
Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchial tubes.
mediastinum
The space in the chest between the lungs.
Crackles
Abnormal breath sounds heard during inhalation or exhalation.
Bronchodilators
Drugs that are used to dilate the walls of the bronchi and treat asthma.
CPAP
A device worn by a person with sleep apnea.
Tuberculosis
Infectious disease that produces small lesions or tubercles in the lungs.
SIDS
An abbreviation that refers to an unexpected and unexplained death of a healthy infant; also called crib death.
Asthma
A condition bharacterized by attacks of difficult breathing and wheezing caused by spasms of the bronchial tubes.
Pneumothorax
The medical condition where a collection of air in the pleutal cavity causes the lung to collapse.
Epistaxis
Medical term for a nosebleed.
Inspiration
The natural process of drawing air into the lungs.
Pneumonomelanosis
A occupational disease caused by inhalation of black dust.
Pleural effusion
The pathological condition that causes an abnormal presence of fluid in the pleural cavity.
Emphysema
The term for the chronic disease characterized by overexpansion and destruction of the alveoli, often associated with cigarette smoking.
Anesthesia
Refers to a loss of feeling or sensation.
Spirometry
A test that measures breathing capacity of the lungs.
Orthopnea
When person has difficulty breathing in any position except in a sitting or standing position.
Cysic fibrosis
A genetic disorder.
Bronchodilators
Agents that dilate the wall of the bronchi to increase air flow.
Coryza
Acute inflammation of the nasal passages accompanied by profuse nasal discharge; also called a cold.
Pertussis
Acute infectious disease characterized by a "whoop" sounding cough.
Corticosteroids
Hormanal agents that reduce tissue edema and inflammation associated with chronic lung disease.
Epistaxis
hemorrahage from the nose; also called a nosebleed.
Pneumonectomy
Excision of the entire lung.
nose
rhin/o
pus
py/o
Bronochoscopy
Direct visualization of the bronchi using an endoscope.
air
aer/o
Pyothorax
Refers to presence of pus in the chest.
Apnea
Temporary cessation of breathing.
Pharyngoplegia
Is paralysis of pharyngeal muscles.
Catheter
A hollow tube that can be inserted into a vessel or cavity of the body to withdraw or instill fluids.
Croup
an acute respiratory syndrome of childhood characterized by laryngeal obstruction and spasm, barking cough, and stridor.
Chondroma
A cartilaginous tumor.
Aerophagia
Refers to swallowing air.
Diagnosis
Refers to use of scientific methods and medical skill to establish the cause and nature of a person's illness.
Anosmia
Loss or impairment of sense of smell.
COPD
Refers to a group of respiratory disorders characterized by chronic bronchitis, asthma, and emphysema.