21 terms

Egypt Study Guide

Ways in which water influenced people's choices of where to settle near Egypt...



NOT: lakes & Nile River (they ARE water, not influences of water)
Ways in which topography influenced people's choices of where to settle near Egypt, Kush, and Canaan...
Determined which crops could grow

Affected the weather and soil in the area

Determined which animals people could keep

NOT: hills & plains (they ARE types of topography, not influences of topography)
Ways in which vegetation influenced people's choices of where to settle near Egypt, Kush, and Canaan...
Providing shelter and beauty

People could make helpful objects

Providing medicine

NOT: plant life, bushes, flowers and grass (they ARE vegetation, not influences of vegetation).
How did the Nile River influence Egypt and Kush?
Provided wildlife for food

Provided fresh water

Provided fertile valley and flatlands for farming

Acted as a barrier to the desert.
List the major bodies of water in Canaan
Dead Sea

Sea of Galilee

Mediterranean Sea

Jordan River
True or False: Most people in Canaan were farmers because there was reliable farm land throughout Canaan.
False: Most people in Canaan herded sheep and goats due to the dry climate, which made farming difficult.
List the three main roles Pharaohs maintained in Egyptian culture.

General/Military Leader

Priest/Religious Leader
Important information about Pharaohs...
Pharaohs owned all the land in Egypt

Pharaohs were men AND women

Pharaohs built pyramids and monuments

Pharaohs were responsible for the people's well being

Pharaohs were sons or daughters of previous Pharaohs
Important Information about Pharaoh Khufu:
He had great control over the food supply.

He declared himself a god.

He built the great pyramids.

He may have been a cruel and harsh leader.
Important information about Pharaoh Senusret I:
His greatest architectural achievement was the the White Chapel.

Art, literatures, and architecture flourished during his reign.

He built many temples, shrines and monuments.

Egypt was stable and unified under his rule.
Important information about Pharaoh Hatshepsut:
She encouraged trade.

She built the great temple at Dayr al-Bahri.

She only shared power with her male relative in the beginning of her reign.

She demanded the same respect shown to male rulers.
Important information about Pharaoh Ramses II:
He made captain in the Egyptian army at 10 years old.

He ruled longer than any other Pharaoh.
He was a known peacemaker.

He had statues of himself built throughout Europe.
List the levels of the Egyptian social pyramid beginning at the highest level and ending at the lowest level (6 levels)
1. pharaoh
2. government officials
3. priests
4. scribes
5. artisans
6. peasants
True or False: Egyptians in all social classes highly valued family life.
True or False: Men and women shared equal roles within an Egyptian family.
False: Men and women had different roles. Men were seen as the "head of the household."
True or False: Egyptians believed their class system created a stable, well ordered society.
Important information about government officials in ancient Egypt.
The vizier had more power than anyone except the Pharaoh.

The chief treasurer oversaw the government's wealth.

Government officials belonged to the upper class families in Egypt.

High government officials led lives of luxury.
Important information about priests in ancient Egypt.
Women were allowed to be priestesses.

Priests were especially important in burial practices.

The temple priests took care of the temple gods.

The High Priest advised the Pharaoh.
Important information about scribes in ancient Egypt.
Scribe schools were run by priests.

Scribes carried special tools and papyrus rolls.

Very few students came from the peasant class.

Students had to memorize over 700 hieroglyphs.
Important information about artisans in ancient Egypt.
Artisans worked as carpenters, jewelers, leatherworkers, and more.

Artisans rarely received respect from higher classes.

Artisans lived in modest homes.

Stone carvers were especially important in tomb building.
Important information about peasants in ancient Egypt...
Peasants mostly ate a simple diet of onions, cucumbers, fish and bread.

The farmer's entire family helped with the harvest.

Peasants had the MOST people of all social classes in Egypt.

Peasant life was strongly connected with the Nile River.