Digital Graphics.

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

The three phases for producing Digital Graphics.
Pre-Production, Production, and Post-Production.
Pre-Production.
Determines the overall purpose of the assignment. This includes a sketch of possible design ideas and may also have a color scheme.
Digital Graphics Hardware.
This needs a computer, still photo camera, graphic tablet, and a scanner.
Digital Graphics Software.
This needs a painting program, and a draw program
Digital Graphics Production.
Where you import the existing canvas, draw and create original design, add text to it, and edit your design.
Cropping.
Eliminating unwanted parts of a graphic.
Selection.
Surrounding specific part(s) of a graphic to make individual adjustments.
Scaling.
Changing a graphics size dimensions. (Height & Width)
Layering.
Separating components of a design individually or into groups in order to make specific adjustments.
Opacity.
An adjustable feature of a layer that determines how little or how much you can see through a design component; transparency.
Filters.
Preset effects used to quickly adjust a graphics appearance.
Grids & Rulers.
Measuring tools used to assist in the scaling, arranging, and spacing of the design components.
Gradient.
A gradual change of color within a design component.
Layer styles & examples.
Preset effects applied to the graphics and/or text within a design that add depth and dimension. (Examples: Stroke,Drop Shadow, Emboss, & Bevel.)
Digital Graphics Post-Production.
Optimize the graphic for a specific client needs including primary use for the graphic design, file size requirements, and file format requirements.
.JPEG
Most common graphic file format, Full color graphic format (16.7 Million Colors), and relatively small file size.
.GIF
Indexed color format, (256 colors) and suports simple transparency layers.
.PNG
Supports advanced transparency, relatively average file size, and can be interlaced; optimizing for internet use.
.TIFF
Versatile graphic file that can use a variety of color formats and the format is used best for desktop publishing or print work.
.TGA
This format is commonly used by digital scanners, they have a full color format (16.7 million colors) and are relatively a large file size.
.PSD
This is a native file type used for Adobe Photoshop. It does not compress layers of a design that allows future editing, and can only be opened and edited by photoshop.
Types of Digital Graphics. (Side 2)
Any image or design created or edited by a computer. (Drawings, Logos, Photos, Advertising,
buttons, Icons, Diagrams, and Charts.)
Bitmap Graphics.
Uses square pixels arranged in a grid that have assigned colors, Lose Clarity when zoomed in really close up, and also referred to as Raster Graphics.
Vector Graphics.
Uses Mathematical formulas to define lines, points, curves, and other attributes. It Does NOT loose clarity when zoomed in or out. Its the best type of graphic for printing a large scale.
Resolution.
Describes the clarity of Bitmap Graphics and is determined and defined by the number of pixels per inch. (PPI)
Low Resolution. (0-180 PPI)
Blurry in appearance, relatively small file size. (02180PPI)
High Resolution. (300+)
Very clear in appearance, relatively a large file. (300+)
Black & White.
Only uses true black and true white.
Greyscale.
Uses true black and true white, along with all the shades of grey in between.
True Color.
All possible color combinations.
RGB.
(Red, Green, Blue.) Optimized for viewing on a screen.
CMYK.
(Cyan, Yellow. Magenta, and Black.) Optimized for printing purposes.
Color Depth.
The number of distinct colors a graphic is capable of displaying.
1-Bit.
Black & White.
24-Bit.
True Color. (16.7 Million Colors)
8-Bit.
Indexed Color. (256 Colors.)