Psychology test 1

the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
a study method incorporating five steps: survey, question, read, recite, review
a study method incorporating six steps: survey, question, read, recite, review, and wRite
study method that is best for how to learn from textbooks/handouts
SQ3R and SQ4R
a mental representation of the world
fish hook
fish get caught because they get hungry. they see/sense/smell the bait. (example is the fish is the student, the hook is the teacher, and the bait is the grade of "A")
your carrot equals you wants. (we each have carrots in our lives that motivate us)
healthy appropriate constructive
unhealthy inappropriate destructive
attitude behavior consequences
Likert Scale
a measure of attitudes designed to allow respondents to rate how strongly they agree or disagree with carefully constructed statements, ranging from very positive to very negative attitudes toward some object
(scale of 1-10)
what part of the likert scale is the CZ
low (at peace, relaxed, calm)
what part of the likert scale is the UCZ
high (uncomfortable, upset, anxious, angry)
johari window
A model of mutual understanding that encourages disclosure and feedback to increase our own open area and reduce the blind, hidden, and unknown areas.
johari window quad 1
I see/know, you see/know
johari window quad 2
I see/know, you dont see/know
johari window quad 3
I dont see/know, you do see/know
johari window quad 4
subconscious, unconscious
the "goal" of the johari window
to have all information reached to quad 1. this is the transparency of sharing information
Why would we use the UCZ,CZ? What would we achieve from this?
for stretching and growing.
what does the ABC affect?
ABC (attitude, behavior, consequences) affect if you will have HAC (healthy appropriate constructive) or if you will have UID (unhealthy inappropriate destructive).
irony of jail
everyone makes their own jail. what they can and cannot do.
why do most ppl say they are in jail
b/c they got caught
A t/o V
Attention through vision. When ppl dream during the day they act out their dreams to make them real.
What is our most important commodity? why?
time is because it is something we can never get back.
life is...
10% of what happens to you, 90% how you react to it
commission means that you...
do say think
dont do dont say dont think
we are self accountable through
commission and omission
"not to decide, is to decide." what is the POV saying?
every nondecision is still a decision
"only thing" better than sex
intimacy. (a feeling of belonging. a warm friendship/relationship)
the mind deals in forms of what
as humans, we live in our?
what is the brain/mind always doing?
"The mind is its own place. In itself, it can make a hell of heaven or a heaven of hell." What is this refering to?
Attitude (quote by john milton)
critical thinking represents a new way to think about what? what does it give us a new vision for?
learning-behavior. emotions-our lives. teaching-educating. (a vision!)
make the thinking the object of what? what is the result?
your thoughts; improve your thinking
Critical thinking is the self command of theory. What are the two aspects of the self command of theory?
alive in the mind and the continual engagement in everyday life.
what does critical thinking require?
developing a special level of awareness, and special skills of self-assessment
what three things must energize and drive us to greater and greater levels of self command
contextualization of theory, self analysis, inner experiences of figuring ourselves out.
what must thinking be aware of?
its feelings and desires
if you want to change a behavior or feeling what must you change first?
the thinking that is underlying the behavior or feeling.
what are the EIGHT elements of reasoning?
POV (frame of reference, perspectice, and orientation)
Information (data, facts, obervations, experiences)
Concepts (theories, definitions, laws, models, etc)
Assumptions (presupposition, taking for granted)

purpose of thinking (goal, objective)
Question at issue (problem)
Interpretation&Inference (conclusions, solutions)
Implications and Consequences
With sensitivity to universal intellectual standards
clear->accurate, precise, relevant->deep->breadth
meaning of breadth
do we need to consider another view? What would this look like from the point of view of a...
20, 40, 60, 80
we remember...
20 of what we read
40 of what we hear
60 of what we see
80 of what we do
define critical thinking
the art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it
all reasoning is based on what
assumptions & data, info, evidence
all reasoning is done from some...
figure something out
all reasoning is an attempt to...
in all of our reasoning...what must we draw our conclusions from?
all reasoning leads somewhere or has...
the problem of egocentric thinking
ppl do not naturally consider the rights and needs of others. or their pov
before and after of Sample Client
before- family issues, enuresis, anxiety, lying, stealing, failing, etc.
after- master's in pyschology, marine corps captain, sexual offender therapist, university professor, father of 4 kids, etc.