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literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness


a device in literature where an object represents an idea.


the overall emotion created by a work of literature


a reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion, politics, sports, science, or some other branch of culture


repetition of vowel sounds


repetition of consonant sounds


A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.

metric feet

In poetry two or three syllables together make a metric foot.


a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme


a group of lines in a poem


A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole (as hand for sailor), the whole for a part (as the law for police officer), the specific for the general (as cutthroat for assassin), the general for the specific (as thief for pickpocket), or the material for the thing made from it (as steel for sword).


the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements


repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis

rhyme scheme

the pattern of rhyme in a poem

sensory language

language that appeals to sight, hearing, smell, touch, and taste

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