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Vocabulary words and definitions for Geography Alive Chapter 9

spatial inequality

an unequal distribution of wealth or resources over a geographic area


a bowl shaped depression, or hollow, in the earth's surface


an open square or marketplace

standard of living

the overall level of comfort and well being of a group of people or a country. People in developed countries generally have a higher standard of living than people in developing countries


a pipe or channel built to transport water from one place to another


the movement of people from rural to urban areas, resulting in the growth of urban areas

metropolitan areas

a major population center made up of a large city and the smaller suburbs and towns that surround it


a developed area at the edge of a city that is mainly homes. Many suburbs also have stores and businesses


areas that are not close to the cities

rural decline

worsening economic conditions in the countryside, including rising unemployment and growing poverty

communal lands (ejidos)

land that is held in common by a group of people. (The group does not own the land, because they can not sell it)




a haze in the air caused by pollution, especially the exhaust from cars and other vehicles

air quality

the condition of the air, based on the amount of pollution in it


an overcrowded, dirty area of a city where the housing is usually in very poor condition


a rundown apartment building


a sizeable area of privately owned property with large houses

life expectancy

the average age that a person in a given population can expect to live to. Life expectancy varies from one country to another

per capita

by or for each person. A per capita figure is calculated by dividing the total amount of something by the number of people living in a place

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