56 terms

Health Promotion Exam 2

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Digestion time in the stomach?
2-6 hours
What is Intrinsic Factor?
It is secreted in the stomach, and is helps to absorb vitamin B12
Digestion time in the small intestine?
5 hours
Digestion in the large intestine?
9-16 hours
What does the large intestine absorb?
Water and absorption - B Vitamins
What are essential nutrients?
Required for normal body functioning that can not be synthesized by the body
What are known essential nutrients?
Carbohydrates
Fats
Protein
Vitamins
Minerals
Water
Carbohydrate calorie/gram?
4
Proteins calorie/gram?
4
Lipids(fats) calorie/gram?
9
Alcohol calorie/gram?
7
What are 3 Monosaccharides?
Glucose
Fructose
Galactose
What are 3 Disaccharides?
Sucrose
Maltose
Lactose
What are 2 Polysaccharides?
Starch
Fiber
Daily intake for carbohydrates?
130 g/d
What should be consumed for intestinal motility?
Insoluble Fiber
What is soluble fiber?
Attracts water and forms a gel, slows down digestion
How does soluble fiber affect cholesterol?
Lowers LDL by interfering with absorption of cholesterol
Function of phospholipids?
Lecithin: forms cell membranes and emulsifies fats and cholesterol
What is anabolism?
Tissue healing and repair
Function of lipoproteins?
Carrier/transporter of lipids
What is sterols?
Modified steroid-bile
Function of Cholesterol?
Hormone building blocks
What are examples of saturated fats?
Meats
Butter
Dairy
What is the make up of transfat?
Adding a hydrogen molecule to unsaturated fat
Normal range of fat intake?
40-97 grams
How many mg a dose of calcium at a time?
500 mg
How much calcium a day for 19-50 year olds?
1000 mg/day
What does Vitamin D help with absorbing?
Helps with calcium absorption
Where is phosphorus found?
Bone and teeth
How much Phosphorus needed in a day?
700 mg/day
What can excess phosphorus lead to?
Calcium excretion
What does magnesium help with in the body?
Blood clotting/immune system/nerve function/calcium absorption
How much Magnesium is needed a day?
320-420 mg/day
What does potassium help with?
nerve and muscle function, blood pressure maintenance
How much potassium is needed a day?
4700 mg/day
How much sodium is needed a day?
1500-2400 mg/day
What are water soluble vitamins that need to be replenished everyday?
Vitamin B complex and vitamin C
What is the function of B 1?
Energy metabolism and muscle nerve action
What is the function of B 3?
Energy metabolism
What is the function of B 6?
Hemoglobin synthesis
What is the function of B 12?
Transports and stores folate needed for heme and cell formation
What is the function of Vitamin K?
Blood clotting and protein formation
Vitamin D deficient disease?
Rickets
Vitamin C deficient disease?
Poor wound healing; scurvy
Vitamin K deficient disease?
Bleeding tendencies
How much potassium is needed a day?
4700 mg/day
What is Kwashiorkor malnutrition?
Lack of sufficient protein
What is Marasmus malnutrition?
Lack of sufficient nutrition intake
Test Accuracy: Reliability
Test results are reproducible
Test Accuracy: Valid
Tests are able to correctly distinguish between diseased and non-diseased
Test Accuracy: Sensitivity
Tests ability to identify positive results
Test Accuracy: Specificity
Tests ability to identify negative results
What is Blooms Taxonomy?
Levels of Learning
Which of the 3 domains of Blooms Taxonomy is the hardest to teach and why?
Affective; it requires a change
What is Emulsify?
Soluble in water and fat