Turner was one of the most recognized English ___________ and ___________ painters in the nineteenth century.
Turner exhibited his first ______________ at a Royal Academy exhibition in 1790, just one year after being admitted as a student.
Scotland, France, Switzerland, and Venice
Turner traveled through parts of Europe, visiting these four places.
Claude Lorrain and Jacob van Ruisdael
Turner studied the works of great seventeenth-century landscape painters including these two.
In the nineteenth century this word was used to describe scenery that is tranquil and pleasant but natural and rustic
In the nineteenth century this word was used to describe scenery that is ominous and threatening, revealing the awesome power of nature over humans.
Dido Building Carthage
This painting of Turner's depicts ancient Roman history through a monumental, picturesque landscape.
Snow Storm-Hannibal Crossing the Alps
This painting of Turners refers to the storm of 218 B.C.E. that caught an ancient Roman military leader and his troops in the mountains, depicting an ominous landscape.
Turner created an illusion of form by using this technique for undefined areas of color.
Art historians often think of Turner as a forerunner of the __________ movement, which would emerge in France soon after his death.
The History of the Abolition of the Slave Trade
"Slave Ship" was inspired by a story recounted in this work by Thomas Clarkson.
In the original story of the Slave Ship, the captain made the decision to throw sick slaves overboard in the hope of getting reimbursed by ______________.
Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade
Thomas Clarkson was a founding member of this group, which was established in London beginning in 1787.
British Foreign Anti-Slavery Society
This group was formed to abolish slavery throughout the world, which organized an international convention in London in 1840 that Thomas Clarkson attended.
What art historian argued that "Slave Ship" was meant to depict the ultimate retribution paid to slavers for their inhumane acts, as evidenced by the ship about to be lost at sea?