Terms in this set (82)
Situated toward the front of the body
Away from the body surface; more internal
Terms used to explain where one body structure is in relation to another
Situated away from the point of attachment or origin or a central point; located away from the center of the body
Being or located near, on, or towards the back or posterior part of the human body
The distinguishing character or personality of an individual
Situated below and closer to the feet that another and especially another similar part of an upright body especially of a human being
Of or relating to the side; especially of a body part
Lying or extending in the middle; especially of a body part
Situated at or toward the hind part of the body
Situated next to or near the point of attachment or origin or a central point
Anatomical terms that refer to specific visible landmarks on the surface of the body
Of, relating to, or located near the surface
Situated toward the head and further away from the feet than another and especially of a human being
A group of body organs or structures that together perform one or more vital functions
Pertaining to the anterior or front side of the body; opposite of dorsal
Front of Elbow
Back side of the head
Back of the elbow
Connective tissue in which fat is stored and which has the cells distended by droplets of fat
Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axial skeletons
The skeleton of the trunk and head
Animal tissue that functions mainly to bind and support other tissues, having a sparse population of cells scattered through an extracellular matrix
Sheets of tightly packed cells that line organs and body cavities
The proximal bone of the hind or lower limb that is the longest and largest bone in the human body, extends from the hip to the knee
The branch of physical anthropology in which anthropological data, criteria, and techniques are used to determine the sex, age, genetic population, or parentage of skeletal or biological materials in questions of civil or criminal law
The longest bone of the upper arm or forelimb extending from the shoulder to the elbow
A basin-shaped structure in the skeleton of many vertebrates that is formed by the pelvic girdle together with the sacrum and often various
The skeleton of the head forming a bony case that encloses and protects the brain and chief sense organs and supports the jaws
The inner and usually larger of the two bones of the leg between the knee and ankle that articulates above with the femur and below with the talus-- also called shinbone
An integrated group of cells with a common structure and function
In what ways do the parts of a human body system work together to carry out a specific function?
They all interact to produce a final outcome or function. A good example would be the digestive system. From the mouth to the esophagus, through the stomach and intestines. All this to provide nutrition in to the body, and get rid of waste. If one of these organs wasn't working, then the final outcome would not be the same.
In what ways do different human body systems work together to complete specific functions?
The multiple human body systems work together to build an all around human. The different systems would interact (for example the respiratory and circulatory system) and work together for the distribution of oxygen to the blood and muscles, and the person's "cleaning out" of CO2.
How can directional terms and regional terms help describe location in the body
So everyone is looking at the same area instead of everyone thinking different things
What features of structure and function are common to all humans
All of us have bones and muscles. All of us have skin and different different body systems.
What are the main types of tissue in the human body
Epithelial; Muscle; Nervous; Connective
How does the structure of a type of human tissue relate to its function in the body
Epithelial- lines and covers surfaces (packed tightly together)
Muscle- produces movement (many nucleuses around)
Nervous- receive stimuli and conduct impulses (made up of neurons bound together by connective tissue)
Connective- protect, support, and bind together
How does the distribution and structure of different types of tissue in the body contribute to the personal identity
Some people have more muscles than other, while some people have less, or it can be in weird places. Nerve tissue connections change the way our minds work.
What are the functions of the human skeletal system
Axial skeleton protects organs. Appendicular skeleton provides attachment points for muscles that allow movement
What is forensic anthropology and how does this field relate to human body systems
The study of human bones to determine information about the deceased and decide the cause of death.
How can features of bone be used to determine information about a person's gender, ethnicity, age, or stature
Different bones can be different shapes and sizes helping to point to whether it is a boy or a girl. Skulls are the best way to find race, pelvis is the best way to find age, humerus and femur are the best way to find height
A polysaccharide obtained from seaweed that is used as the supporting medium in gel electrophoresis.
The measurement and analysis of unique physical or behavioral characteristics (as fingerprint or voice patterns) especially as a means of verifying personal identity.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of replicating and determining the inherited structure of a cell's proteins.
The separation of nucleic acids or proteins, on the basis of their size and electrical charge, by measuring their rate of movement through an electrical field in a gel
A degradative enzyme that recognizes specific nucleotide sequences and cuts up DNA
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs)
Differences in DNA sequence on homologous chromosomes that can result in different patterns of restriction fragment lengths (DNA segments resulting from treatment with restriction enzymes)
What is the structure and function of DNA
Double helix and to code for proteins
How does DNA differ from person to person
The sequence of the base pairs
What role does DNA play in our identity
Each person has their own unique sequence of bases which distinguishes the shape of proteins which determine their function giving each one of us our own unique look
How can tools of molecular biology be used to compare the DNA of two individual
Gel electrophoresis is commonly used with restriction fragment enzymes to separate out DNA that shows difference in between two people
What are restriction enzymes
A protein that cuts DNA at certain base sequences
What are restriction fragment length polymorphisms
Differences in similar (homologous) chromosomes that cause different restriction fragment lengths
What is gel electrophoresis and how can the results of this technique be interpreted
Gel electrophoresis is used to separate proteins or fragments of DNA according to size
How can the field of biometrics be used to verify and protect identity.
Fingerprints, voice, face, eyes, and DNA all make sure to help you keep your DNA secret because everyones are different
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