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26 terms

Cases

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Griswold v. Connecticut
Established that there is an implied right to privacy in the U.S. Constitution
Gibbons v. Ogden
Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government
Gideon v. Wainright
Ordered states to provide lawyers for those unable to afford them
Engle v. Vitale
Mandatory prayer in schools is a violation of the establishment clause
Shenk v. U.S.
Ok to prohibit speech that causes a "clear and present danger."
McCullough v. Maryland
In establishing a national bank, Congress was legally exercising its enumerated powers not sepcifically mentioned in the Constitution.
Mapp v. Ohio
Established the exclusionary rule was applicable to the states (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court)
Plessy v. Ferguson
separate but equal
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Miranda v. Arizona
The accused must be notified of their rights before being questioned by the police
Brown v. Board
Ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional
Dred Scott
slaves were property not people
Clinton v. New York City
line item veto unconstitutional
Lemon v. Kurtzman
religion in schools, "no excessive entanglement."
Regents of California v. Bakke
race cannot be only factor in college admissions
Roe v. Wade
(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
Gregg v. Georgia
Upheld the death penalty was NOT cruel and unusual punishment
Near v. Minnesota
protection from prior restraint
U.S. v. Lopez
Gun Free School Zones Act exceeded Congress' authority to regulate interstate commerce.
Miller v. California
obscenity lacks literacy, artistic, or scientific value, it can be regulated.
Prinz v. U.S.
unfunded mandates not ok, handgun checks
New York Times v. Sullivan
Public figures have fewer privacy rights
Tinker
students do not leave their rights at eh schoolhouse door
Korematsu v. U.S.
internment of Japanese Americans constitutional
Barron v. Baltimore
Bill of Tights restrains only national government
Gitlow v. New York
due process of the 14th amendment, starts the nationalization of the Bill of Rights