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All the terms and "identify" questions are on here, but you will have to look at the "chapter concepts" questions on yours on because I could find no way to put all that info on here. Rebecca Graeter

Nicolaus Copernicus

Polish astronomer who said the solar system was heliocentric


stated that the earth and the planets revolved around the sun


stated that the earth was the center of the universe

Johannes Kepler

German Lutheran astronomer that discovered the 3 laws of planetary motion

1. Planets orbit the sun in ellipses (oval-shaped paths).
2. A planet moves faster when it is closer to the sun
3. There is a relationship between the time it takes a planet to orbit the sun and its distance from the sun.

laws of planetary motion

Galileo Galilei

discovered the law of uniform acceleration and the laws of pendulum

law of uniform acceleration

the speed of any body in a vacuum, regardless of weight, accelerates uniformly with time

laws of pendulum

explain the relationship between the time it takes a freely swinging mass to travel in its arc and the distance between the mass and its connecting point

Isaac Newton

discovered the universal law of gravitation; he is the "Father of Modern Science"

Francis Bacon

formulated the modern scientific method

William Harvey

English physician who discovered the circulation of blood in the human body

Rene Descartes

"Father of Modern Philosophy"; developed analytical geometry

Blaise Pascal

French mathmetician and philosopher who invented the first calculating device; perfected the barometer; developed the science of hydrostatics

Robert Boyle

"Father of Modern Chemistry"

Robert Hooke

first to observe microscopic cells

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

"Father of Microbiology"; made microscopes; observed protozoa and anatomical functions

Gabriel Fahrenheit

invented the mercury thermometer and developed a temperature scale

Martin Luther

brought the Bible to the people; wrote hymns to put music in church services

Johann Sebastian Bach

became one of history's greatest composers

George Frederick Handel

wrote oratorios, like his most loved: The Messiah

Isaac Watts

"Father of the English Hymn"

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

child prodigy; composed over 600 works

Ludwig van Beethoven

Deaf; his works sparked the climax of the 19th century; wrote concertos and piano sonatas; his greatest works were his orchestral symphonies

Rembrandt van Rijn

the greatest of the Dutch art masters; one of the greatest painters of all times

a work of superior excellence that has stood the test of time --- a work for all people and all ages (also be able to name several classics)

What is a classic?

Hymns known as chorales

What were Luther's most original and lasting musical achievements?

The Christmas Oratorio, St. Matthew Passion, The Well-Tempered Clavier, Brandenburg Concertos

4 works by Bach:

The Hallelujah Chorus (in The Messiah)

best known choral piece in the world:

"When I Survey the Wondrous Cross"; "Joy to the World"; "O God Our Help in Ages Past"; "Alas, and Did My Savior Bleed"

4 hymns written by Watts:

Surprise Symphony, The Creation, The Seasons

3 works by Haydn:

Moonlight Sonata, Fifth Symphony, Ninth Symphony

3 works by Beethoven:

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