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37 terms

Unit 3 Star words

extra words from the book for Mr.PAZ
STUDY
PLAY
values
culturally defines standards that guide a lifestyle
belief
specific statements that people hold to be true, generally based on values
behavior
actions that people take, are generally based on values and beliefs
norms
the rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members
culture system
group of interconnected culture complexes
geographic region
entire system that intertwines with its locational and environmental
cultural diffusion
non-material and material culture spreading to areas around them
Carl Sauer
focused on cultural diffusion
Torsten Hagerstrand
wrote about cultural diffusion
cultural relativism
the practice of evaluation a culture by its own standards
Indo-European
language family that is most popular
linguistic fragmentation
condition where many languages are spoken, each by a relativily small group of people
sub-family
has family within a family
stnadrad language
those that are recognized by the government and the norm for schools
Biingualism
the ability to communicate with 2 languages
multilinggualism
the ability to communicate with more than 2 languages
extinct language
once used, but now no longer spoken or read in daily activities
humanism
emphasizes the ability of human beings to guide their own way
Marxism
transformed Communism into a central ideology in many areas during the 20th century
profane
ordinary
sacred
special
branches
large and basic divisions within a religion
Roman Catholic
largest percent of Christianity
-found in Latin and North America, Southern and Eastern Europe, and Central Africa
Protestant
25% of the world's pop. of Christianity
-North America, Northern Europe, Britian, SOuth Africa, and Australia.
Eastern Orthodox
10% of all Christianity
-Eastern Europe and Russia
Mahayana
56% of Buddhism
-characterized by incorporations of ideas and gods from other regions as it spreads into East Asia
Theraveda
38% of Buddhism
-characterized by stricter adheirence to original Buddha teaching
Tantrayana
6% of Buddhism
-emphasis on magic and other techniques
Sikhism
a universalizing religion
Baha'i
a universalizing religion
Confucianism
is code of moral conduct based on humaneness and family loyalty
Daosim
holds that happiness lies in maintaining perfect harmony with nature
traditional religion
integral part of a local culture and society
Folk life
composite culture, bith material and nonmaterial, that shapes the lives of folk societies
folk culture region
many people who live in the same land space who share at least some of same folk customs
symbols
artifacts that carry special meaning to a religion
regional identity
expressing the way of religion and its own identity