A contemporary term but one that is really old as time. It describes the attempts by any artist, craftsperson, shaman, or any human to put their mark on something, to announce their existence in the world. In artwork, markmaking can be done using almost any device-pencil, paintbrush, awl, clay tool, scraper, knife, carver....and using any medium-graphite, paint, clay, chalk, dirt.... Some people say mark making is what differentiates humans from animals. The desire to make a mark indicates higher brain function-to create meaning. The literal shape, mass, appearance, and look, of an object or figure. More generally, how the materials come together to make a work of art, the ways in which these materials are utilized in terms of the formal elements (line, light, color, etc.), and the composition that results.