31 terms

AP GOV: Ch.11 Vocab

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Filibuster
Informal term for any attempt to block or delay Senate action on a bill or other matter by debating it at length, by offering numerous procedural motions, or by any other delaying or obstructive actions. Ex. Debate
Cloture Rule
The only procedure by which the Senate can vote to place a time limit on consideration of a bill or other matter, and thereby overcome a filibuster. The Senate may limit consideration of a pending matter to 30 additional hours, but only by vote of three-fifths of the full Senate, normally 60 votes.
Restrictive Rule
An order from the House Rules Committee that permits certain kinds of amendments but not others to be made to a bill on the floor.
Markup
The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
Congressional Caucus
"To meet together." An informal organization of members of the House or the Senate, or both, that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members.
Party Whip
A senator or representative who helps the party leader stay informed about what party members are thinking
Committee on Committee
Committees formed in each party conference and responsible for nominating the party's senators to committee membership and committee leadership positions.
House Rules Committee
The Committee on Rules, or Rules Committee, is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. Rather than being responsible for a specific area of policy, as most other committees are, it is in charge of determining under what rule other bills will come to the floor.
Discharge Petition
A device by which any member of the House, after a committee has had a bill for thirty days, may petition to have it brought to the floor. If a majority of members agree, the bill is discharged for the committee.
Multiple Referral
A congressional process whereby a bill may be referred to several committees that consider it simultaneously in whole or in part.
Steering Committee
A committee that decides on the priorities or order of business of an organization and manages the general course of its operations.
Party Caucus
A meeting, whether regular or specially called, of all party members in the House. The term "caucus" or "conference" can also mean the organization of all party members in the House.
Party Vote
In a deliberative assembly is a vote in which a substantial majority of members of a political party vote the same way (usually in opposition to the other political party(ies) whose members vote the opposite way).
Bicameral Legislature
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
Marginal Districts
Political districts in which candidates elected to the House of Representatives win in close elections, typically by less than 55% of the vote
Riders
Informal term for a non-germane amendment to a bill or an amendment to an appropriation bill that changes the permanent law governing a program funded by the bill.
Safe Districts
A house district in which the winner of the general election carries more than 55% of the vote.
Sequential Referral
A congressional process by which a speaker may send a bill to a second committee after the first is finished acting
Millionaire's Club
Club that includes members of Congress that are Millionaires.
Seniority
The status given senators according to their length of service, which entitles a senator with greater seniority to preferential treatment in matters such as committee assignments.
Parliament
The highest legislature, consisting of the sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons.
Conservative Coalition
An alliance between conservative Democrats and Republicans.
Party Polarization
An individual's stance on a given issue, policy, or person is more likely to be strictly defined by their identification with a particular political party
Closed Rule
An order from the House Rules Committee that sets a time limit on debate and forbids a particular bill from being amended on the floor
Concurrent Resolution
An expression of opinion withouth the force of law that reuires the pproval of both the House and the Senate, but not the President
Joint Committee
Committees including membership from both houses of Congress. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
Majority leader
The legislative leader elected by party members holding a majority of seats in the House of the Senate
Minority leader
The legislative leader elected by praty members holding a minority of seats in the House of Representatives or the Senate
Pork Barrel legislation
The appropriation of government spending for localized projects secured solely or primarily to bring money to a representative's district
Private Bill
A legislative bill that deals with specific, private, personal or local matter Ex.individual becoming a naturalized citizen
Public Bill
A legislative bill that deals with matters of general concern Ex. defense expenditures