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66 terms

AP Psychology Unit 7 Vocabulary

Memory (7)
Stored information that can be retrieved. Stored in brain
Encoding (7)
The act of processing information into your memory
Storage (7)
Having information be retained and stored into our memory
Retrieval (7)
The process of getting information out of your brain
Sensory Memory (7)
Very brief, immediate, recording of information
Short-term Memory (7)
Part of memory that only holds 7-10 things at a time
Long-term Memory (7)
Permanent and limitless storehouse of information (e.g. your name, D.O.B., age)
Working Memory (7)
Active processing/remembering
Parallel Processing (7)
Processing many things at once
Automatic Processing (7)
Unconscious encoding that requires no effort
Effortful Processing (7)
Processing that requires effort
Rehearsal (7)
Constantly repeating something to remember it
Spacing Effect (7)
Spaced out, long term studying being more effective than cramming
Serial Position (7)
Being able to remember the first and last things better
Visual Encoding (7)
Remembering pictures
Acoustic Encoding (7)
Remembering sounds
Semantic Encoding (7)
Remembering meanings
Imagery (7)
Mental pictures
Mnemonics (7)
Tricks used to help remember something
Chunking (7)
Organizing things into familiar groups/units
Iconic Memory (7)
Very brief visual storage
Echoic Memory (7)
Very brief auditory storage
Long-term Potentation (7)
Prolonged strengthening of potential neural firing
Flashbulb Memory (7)
Very clear memory as a result of something very emotional or significant
Amnesia (7)
Forgetting your memories
Implicit Memory (7)
"How to do stuff" memory. Motor skills
Explicit Memory (7)
"To know" memory. Remembering facts and events
Hippocampus (7)
Thingamajig in your brain that helps process facts and events for storage
Recall (7)
To retrieve information learned earlier for usage (fill-in-the-blank test)
Recognition (7)
To retrieve information to identify something previously learned (multiple choice test)
Relearning (7)
To learn something again
Deja Vu (7)
That eerie sense that "I've seen this before." Cues from the current situation may subconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience
Mood-congruent Memory (7)
To remember something based on mood
Proactive Interference (7)
When something you learned earlier disrupts something you try to learn later
Retroactive Interference (7)
When something you just learned makes it hard to recall something you learned earlier
Repression (7)
Theory that we as humans hide memories from ourselves as a defense from bad thoughts and feelings
Misinformation Effect (7)
Using misleading information to tamper with one's memory of an event
Source Amnesia (7)
Remembering something but not the source of where you remember it
Cognition (7)
All mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
Concept (7)
Mental group of similar things
Prototype (7)
Best example of a category (Robins are the best examples for birds)
Algorithm (7)
Step by step procedure that lets you find all possibilities
Heuristic (7)
Simpler, faster problem solving
Insight (7)
Revelation moment
Creativity (7)
To be able to produce original and good ideas
Confirmation Bias (7)
The tendency to look for information that supports our views and to ignore contradictory information
Fixation (7)
Inability to look at a problem in a different way
Mental Set (7)
Tendency to use one way to solve a problem, in particular, a method that has worked in the past
Functional Fixedness (7)
Tendency to think of things as what they're meant for but not what they can do (like a coin can screw a nail)
Representativeness Heuristic (7)
To judge based on what seems to best match prototype (Ivy Professor Vs. Truck Driver)
Availability Heuristic (7)
Judging based on availability of information
Overconfidence (7)
Tendency to be more confident than you should be. Like overestimating
Belief Perserverence (7)
Denial (like being in denial)
Intuition (7)
Automatic thought/feeling (opposite of reasoning); gut feeling
Framing (7)
How something is shown (1 in 10 are fat, or 9 in 10 are lean)
Language (7)
Spoken, written, or signed words used for communication (culturally-specific)
Phoneme (7)
In language, the smallest sound unit (a, b, ch, th, t, etc.)
Morpheme (7)
In language, the smallest unit that has meaning (prefixes, suffixes)
Grammar (7)
In language, system of rules that helps us communicate with each other
Semantics (7)
Rules that define meaning of morphemes (prefixes and such)
Syntax (7)
In language, rules for how we order words
Babbling Stage (7)
First four months of a baby's life where all they do is babble
One-Word Stage (7)
1-2 year old's stage where they mostly speak one word
Two-Word Stage (7)
At about age 2, when you start using two-word statements
Telegraphic Speech (7)
Stage in a brat's life where they mostly use nouns and verbs
Linguistic Determination (7)
Whorf's theory/hypothesis that language determines how we think