an area of land almost completely surrounded by water and connected to the mainland by an isthmus.
an ancient fortress in Athens, containing the Parthenon and other notable statues and buildings.
a city with its own traditions, government, and laws. Both a city, and a separate independent state.
a ruler who takes power with the support of the middle and working classes. Not necessarily cruel or violent.
the legendary ten-year battle of Troy by a temporary alliance of Greeks. Described in Homer's Iliad.
a hero of the Trojan War. Killed his enemy Hector, but was later wounded by Paris and died.
a daughter of Zeus. In the Homeric poems, she was a beautiful wife of Menelaus. Abducted by Paris and all because of Aphrodite and the Uninvited one.
a king of Sparta. Husband of Helen and brother of Agamemnon. Helen was stolen from him, this event led to the Trojan War.
someone who uses reason to understand the world. In Greece, the earliest "thinkers" used reason to explain natural events.
Surround a city and try to break down their walls and/or cut off their supply to food and water. This will hopefully lead to surrendering.
Athenian leader , played a major role in the development of democracy and the Athenian empire.
the chief temple of the Greek goddess Athena on the hill of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece.
Athenian philosopher of the late 400s B.C. Taught through questioning. Helped form many values of Western culture. Was put to death for challenging Athenian values.
an ancient city-state in Greece. The city-state's focus was on best body a little bit more than best mind.