Chp. 12 AP US Gov. Vocab
Terms in this set (41)
Ratified in 1951, this amendment limits presidents to two terms of office.
Ratified in 1967, this amendment permits the vice president to become acting president if the vice-president and the president's cabinet determine that the presidents is disabled, and it outlines how a recuperated president can reclaim the job.
Article II of the US Constitution
Article Two of the United States Constitution creates the executive branch of the government, consisting of the President, the Vice President, and other executive officers and staffers appointed by the President, including the Cabinet. Pursuant to Article Two, the executive power of the federal government is vested in the President.
A bully pulpit is a sufficiently conspicuous position that provides an opportunity to speak out and be listened to.
A group of presidential advisers not mentioned in the Constitution, although every president has had one. Today the cabinet is composed of 14 secretaries, the attorney general, and others designated by the president.
Commander in Chief
A head of state or officer in supreme command of a country's armed forces.
Congressional Impoundment Act
Titles I through IX of the law are also known as the Congressional Budget Act of 1974. Title II created the Congressional Budget Office. Title III governs the procedures by which Congress annually adopts a budget resolution, a concurrent resolution that is not signed by the President, which sets fiscal policy for the Congress. This budget resolution sets limits on revenues and spending that may be enforced in Congress through procedural objections called points of order. Title X of the Act, also known as the Impoundment Control Act of 1974, specifies that the President may request that Congress rescind appropriated funds.
Oversight by the United States Congress over the Executive Branch, including the numerous U.S. federal agencies. Congressional oversight includes the review, monitoring, and supervision of federal agencies, programs, activities, and policy implementation.
Council of Economic Advisers
A 3-member body appointed by the president to advise the president on economic policy.
A sudden, unpredictable, and potentially dangerous event requiring the president to play the role of crisis manager.
The Electoral College is a process, not a place. The founding fathers established it in the Constitution as a compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens.
An international agreement, usually regarding routine administrative matters not warranting a formal treaty, made by the executive branch of the US government without ratification by the Senate.
The immediate staff of the current President of the United States and multiple levels of support staff reporting to the President. EOP: the White House Office, the National Security Council, the Council of Economic Advisors, and the Office of Management and Budget.
Regulations originating with the executive branch. Executive orders are one method presidents can use to control the bureaucracy.
The power claimed by the President of the United States and other members of the executive branch to resist certain subpoenas and other interventions by the legislative and judicial branches of government to access information and personnel relating to the executive branch.
The leader of the majority party in a legislative body, especially the party member who directs the activities of the majority party on the floor of either the Senate or the House of Representatives.
A term used to describe the modern presidency of the United States. It became popular in the 1960s and served as the title of a 1973 volume by historian Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., who wrote The Imperial Presidency out of two concerns; first that the US Presidency was out of control and second that the Presidency had exceeded the constitutional limits.
The political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the Constitution, The House of Representatives may impeach the president by a majority vote for "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."
A committee appointed from both houses of a bicameral legislature in order to reach a compromise on their differences concerning a particular issue.
A vote in Congress to override a presidential decision. Although the War Powers Act asserts twos aitjprotu. there os reaps tp be;eve that. if. c/a;;edged. the Supreme Court would find the legislative veto in violation of the doctrine of separation of powers.
Line Item Vetoes
Vetoing a certain line or part of a bill but accepting the rest of it.
National Security Council
The committee that links the president's foreign and military policy advises. Its formal members are the president, vice president, secretary of state, and secretary of defense, and it is managed by the president's national security assistant.
Office of Management and Budget
An office that prepares the president's budget and also advises presidents on proposals from departments and agencies and helps review their proposed regulations.
A pardon is granted to an individual, often by the action of a government official such as a governor, president, or monarch, and releases the individual from any punishment due for the infraction of the law.
A type of veto occurring when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president and the president simply lets the bill die by neither signing more vetoing it.
These occur when voters cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the president's party because they support the president. Recent studies show that few races are won this way.
-Gentle and Decent/BUT Forceful and Decisive.
-Inspirational/But Don't Promise More Than You Can Deliver
(don't always have enough power to put things in place)
-National Unifier/National Divider
(Pres. of U.S. represents everyone. He becomes divider because of his job as head of his political party.)
-The Longer He is There/The Less We Like Him
(Things promised don't get accomplished. Loses faith with the people...over-promising has its negative affect .
-What it takes to Become President/May Not Be What is Needed to Govern the Nation.
Section 9 declared that, in the event of the removal, resignation, death, or inability of both the President and Vice President, the 1) VP, 2) Speaker of the House, then 3) President pro tempore of the Senate
The regular veto is a qualified negative veto. The President returns the unsigned legislation to the originating house of Congress within a 10 day period usually with a memorandum of disapproval or a "veto message."
Rule of Propinquity
Power is wielded by people who are in the room when a decision is made
The Committee on Rules, or (more commonly) Rules Committee, is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. Rather than being responsible for a specific area of policy, as most other committees are, it is in charge of determining under what rule other bills will come to the floor.
A committee made up of a small number of parliamentary members appointed to deal with particular areas or issues originating in the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy.
A custom whereby presidential appointments are confirmed only if there is no objection to them by the senators from the appointee's state, especially from the senior senator of the president's party from that state.
In the United States Congress, standing committees are permanent legislative panels established by the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate rules.
US v. Nixon
United States v. Nixon, 418 U.S. 683, was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision. It resulted in a unanimous 8-0 ruling against President Richard Nixon and was important to the late stages of the Watergate scandal.
The constitution power of the president to send a bill back to Congress with reasons fro rejecting it. A 2/3 vote in each house can override a veto.
An official or executive ranking below and deputizing for a president.
War Powers Act
A law passed in 1973, in reaction to American fighting in Vietnam and Cambodia, that requires presidents to consult with Congress whenever possible prior to using military force and to withdraw forces after 60 days unless Congress declares war or grants and extension. However, presidents have viewed the resolution as unconstitutional.
The events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment.
White House Office
The White House Office is an entity within the Executive Office of the President of the United States. The White House Office is headed by the White House Chief of Staff, who is also the head of the Executive Office.