Chase - History Ch 2: the development of feudalism in western europe
Terms in this set (52)
the economic and political system in which people pledged loyalty to a lord and in turn received protection
a ruler or a powerful landholder
people who worked the land
peasants who were not free to leave the lord's land
a person belonging to a tribe or group that is considered uncivilized
people who developed a new type of warfare
the 15 year old king who helped lead the franks into christianity
the religion based on the life and teachings of jesus christ
roman catholic church
the christian church headed by the pope in rome
the most important leader of the franks who made his court a center of culture
the bishop of rome and supreme leader of the roman catholic church
the pope who charlemagne built his empire with
followers of the religion of islam
fierce warriors who struck fear into the people of europe
a ruler, such as a king or queen
land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service
a large estate, including farmland and villages, held by a lord
divine right of kings
the belief that god gives monarchs the right to rule
a person of high rank by birth or title
the highest type of european noble, rankng just below a prince
the highest-ranking class in medieval society
a deep, wide ditch, often filled with water
a system of organizing people into ranks, with those of higher rank having more power and privileges
a covering, usually made of metal or leather, worn to protect the body during fighting
the medieval knight's code of ideal behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect for women
The fall of the Roman Empire marks the beginning of the
Why is William the Conqueror considered an important monarch?
He brought the idea of feudalism to England.
What were Charlemagne's greatest accomplishments?
He unified nearly all the Christian lands of Europe into a single empire.
How was Charlemagne helped by the Catholic Church?
The Pope gave him the blessing of the church & was crowned the Holy Roman Emperor.
Why was there a need for order after the death of Charlemagne in 814?
Other rulers failed to defend the empire against invasions, so Europe was threatened by Muslims, Magyars, and Vikings.
What was the code of chivalry?
Have respect for women, have loyalty, and have bravery.
What stages did a boy go through to become a knight?
A page or servant, a squire, a knight.
Why did feudalism develop in western Europe?
the people of Western Europe needed ways to protect themselves and their property from attacks by the Muslims, Magyars & Vikings
How did feudalism develop in Western Europe?
they created a system that provided people with protection & safety by establishing a stable social order where people were bound to one another by promises of loyalty
What two challenges did people face after the collapse of the Roman Empire?
they needed protection & safety
How did Clovis help spread Christianity?
He married a Christian woman and was baptized into Roman Catholic Church. Many of his followers became Christians as well.
The most powerful rulers were those who
controlled the most land and had the best warriors
modern day France takes it name from the
How did Charlemagne help spread Christianity?
he unified all the Christian lands into a single empire and built it with the help of the Pope.
For Charlemagne, the blessing of the church sent the message
God is on my side
How did feudalism work?
people pledged loyalty to one another: kings/queens (Monarch) gave fiefs or grants of lands to lords. Lords promised to supply monarchs with knights in time of war. Peasants were at the bottom where they worked the land.
What social classes existed within the feudal system?
Monarch, lords, knights, and peasants
What was the defining characteristics of the Monarchs (kings/queens)
Top of the pyramid - Top class, ruled their kingdom, divided the land and governed their people.
What was the defining characteristics of the lords?
2nd tier of the pyramid - they had castles and manors, governed their area and set laws, and raised army.
What was the defining characteristics of the knights?
3rd tier of the pyramid: they fought wars for their lord and king and competed in many tournaments.
What was the defining characteristics of the peasants?
4th tier of the pyramid - Bottom Class - they worked the land & grew food for the people
How did monarchs justify and maintain their power?
They believed in the divine right of kings, meaning that God gave them the right to rule the people.
What were the daily lives and responsibilities of monarchs, lords & ladies.
Keep order, supply protection & run the kingdom. they lived in manor homes or castles. they acted as judges, appointed officials, supplied soldiers & fought for their own lords in time of war.
What were the daily lives and responsibilities of knights?
they were soldiers and skilled warriors who went through years of training and lived by a strong code of behavior (chivalry). they were expected to be loyal to their church & their lord, be just & fair and protect the helpless.
What were the daily lives and responsibilities of peasants?
They worked the crops, tended livestock and paid taxes to the lord. They were also carpenters, shoemakers, and smiths.
What was the daily lives & responsibilities of Noblewomen (ladies) who weren't landowners?
they raised and trained their children & sometimes children of other noble families. they over saw the household. They had servants to help them. their homes were small & crowded with people & animals.
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