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zone of saturation

Area where the spaces in sediment and rock are completely filled with water


water within the zone of saturation

water table

the upper limit of the zone of saturation

zone of aeration

the area above the water table


percentage of total volume of rock that has pore spaces


ability of a material to transmit fluid


impermeable layers like clay that stop water


rock layer that can transmit water freely


natural flows of groundwater

hot springs

springs that have hot water


hot springs where water is ejected with great force


hole bored into the zone of saturation


effect where the water table around the well is lowered

cone of depression

conical depression in the water table


any situation where water rises higher than was initially found


icicle rocks on ceilings


icicle rocks on floors

karst topography

areas that have been shaped dramatically by groundwater

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