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18 terms

Geosystems Groundwater

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zone of saturation
Area where the spaces in sediment and rock are completely filled with water
groundwater
water within the zone of saturation
water table
the upper limit of the zone of saturation
zone of aeration
the area above the water table
porosity
percentage of total volume of rock that has pore spaces
permeability
ability of a material to transmit fluid
aquitards
impermeable layers like clay that stop water
aquifers
rock layer that can transmit water freely
springs
natural flows of groundwater
hot springs
springs that have hot water
geysers
hot springs where water is ejected with great force
well
hole bored into the zone of saturation
drawdown
effect where the water table around the well is lowered
cone of depression
conical depression in the water table
artesian
any situation where water rises higher than was initially found
stalactites
icicle rocks on ceilings
stalagmites
icicle rocks on floors
karst topography
areas that have been shaped dramatically by groundwater