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We the People - Unit 2

Terms in this set (74)

Americans get their news from three main sources: broadcast media (radio and television), print media (newspapers and magazines), and, increasingly, the Internet.
- Television news reaches more Americans than any other single news source. Most television news, however, covers relatively few topics and provides little depth of coverage. Television news is more like a series of newspaper headlines connected to pictures. It serves the extremely important function of alerting viewers to issues and events.Radio news is also essentially a headline service, but without pictures. One notable exception is the noncommercial National Public Radio (NPR), which provides lengthy and detailed news coverage on a daily basis. In recent years, radio talk shows have become important sources of commentary and opinion.

- The print media are important for three reasons. First, the broadcast media rely on leading newspapers such as the New York Times and the Washington Post to set their news agenda. Second, the print media provide more detailed and complete information, offering a better context for analysis. Third, the print media are the prime source of news for educated and influential individuals.

- The Internet has been growing in importance as a news source. One great advantage of theInternet is that it allows frequent updating. A growing number of readers turn to informal sources of Internet news and commentary like blogs.
In the United States, the print media are essentially free from government interference. The broadcast media are subject to federal regulation by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), an independent regulatory agency.
Instititutional bias in the media is when the media is either for or against the institutions of the government and it's reporting reflects that. Institutional bias in favor of the government argues that reporters rely for most of their information on government sources, which are naturally self-serving. For instance the Persian Gulf War (1990-91) stories of war came from government's military sources, which gave a far more rosy & sanitized picture of the conflict than what emerged later. Institutional bias against the government happens when the press is against the government. Usually using aggressive and advasarial journalism to aggressively point out happenings.

Ideological bias in the media is the world view of the reporters and editors will affect their reporting.
This may take the form of editorial or peer reviewed bias where only one set of views are allowed and other views discarded out of hand no matter how valid. 95% of journalists in the US have no church affiliation, this makes it challenging to report on religious views without characaturing them. Most jourlaists are liberals, makes it hard to report on conservative politicians. In the last race Obama got 83% favorable articles in MSNBC which was off the charts and one sided.
Some media will have a bias based on who owns them. GE owns a major network and GE wanted Obama to win. No surprize their network aggressively put down one cadidate.Problem it is a natural monopoly and is required to represent both sides with a modicum of fairness. Some media will have a bias based on the advertizers or what the people viewing want to hear