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SOCIOLOGY:CHAPTER 3 STUDY GUIDE: CULTURE
Terms in this set (15)
knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects that are shared by members of a society
innate (unlearned) patterns of behavior
automatic reaction to physical stimulus
rules defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior
a rule of behavior, the violation of which calls for strong punishment
rewards and punishments used to encourage people to follow norms
sanctions imposed by persons given special authority
a group that is part of the dominant culture but that differs from it in some important culture
a subculture deliberately and consciously opposed to certain central beliefs or attitudes of the dominant culture
What did the Daly and Wilson study reveal about stepfathers and fathers?
stepfathers are more likely than biological fathers to abuse their children
Why did the Nacirema civilization collapse? What was wrong with those people?
They are making fun of the American culture
Why did the people in the village build a soccer field?
They built a well in her honor, a way to say thank you
What is the difference between a formal and informal sanction?
A formal sanction is a form of social control that is official, equally applied and often written. Laws are a common form of formal sanction, as are the rules established by schools, businesses and other non-governmental social institutions. In contrast to a formal sanction, an informal sanction consists of behavior enacted by people on an individual level rather than on an institutional level.
Things that people don't want you to do but there's no law.
Things that the law wants you to follow and not do
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