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What was the mood of the Ottoman Empire, before 1804?
it was falling apart, and was being held together by the great powers, except for russia.
Why were the great powers holding the Ottoman Empire together?
because if the ottoman empire fell, all of the powers would scramble to get a chunk of it. And that would mean HUGE WARS and many deaths.
What was the Greek War of Independence?
It was a war, where Greece fought against the powers and win their independence from the ottoman empire.
Why did the greeks win the Greek War of Independence?
because they were catholic and the big powers felt sorry for them.
What was the deal with Romania?
after getting independence from the ottoman empire, the russians occupy it and use it as a satellite.
What were the reforms of the Tanzimat Period?
abolition of slavery
abolition of the taxes on non-muslims
What was the overall goal of the Tanzimat Period?
to treat citizens equally no matter what race or religion they are.
What was Britain's interest in keeping the Ottoman Empire together?
to maintain their control over the the sea and to keep the control away from Russia.
What were the interests in the ottoman empire of the other great powers?
to keep it away from russia.
Who is Abdulul Hamid?
he was a ruler of the ottoman empire, who placed a constitution during the beginning years of his rule, but then took away the parliament, constitution and declared that he was an absolute monarchy.
What was the Russo-Turkish War?
a ware declared by the russians who only wanted to stop the mass murders done by Abdulul Hamid.
What did The Treaty of San Stefano say?
romania and serbia get full independence
Bulgaria becomes a self-ruling principality
What does Benjeman Disraeli do?
he gives russia two choices; you either let us look over the treaty of San Stefano and if there is anything we don't like we can change it or its war.
What was the Treaty of Berlin?
Serbia, Romania, Macedonia, and Montenegro were all fully independent.
The sea Coast remains under Turkish Control
The Principality of Bulgaria gets defacto independence
Eastern Rumelia gets some independence, but is still apart of the Ottoman Empire.
What does Austria-Hungary gain from the Treaty of Berlin?
they occupy Bosenia-Hertzcovina, however Bosenia-Hertzcovina is still apart of the Ottoman Empire.
Who else didn't get anything from the Treaty of Berlin?
greece, Bulgeria, and Serbia didn't gain anything, in fact, the serbs had to trade through the Austrian Sea Coast.
How did Romania practice irredentism?
although they were independent, not all of the romanians were free, b/c some lived in translyvania.
How did Serbia practice irredentism?
although they were independent, not all of the serbs were free.
How did Greece practice irredentism?
because although they are independent, the lands are still held by the ottoman empire.
What happens to the ottoman empire from 1878 to 1908?
Greece conquers crete from the ottoman empire and bulgeria gets eastern rumelia because they won a war against the ottoman empire.
What was the cause of the young turk revolution?
Abdulul Hamid didn't do anything about the corrupt government and or the rotting empire.
what were the reforms of the young turk revolution?
racist nationalism (not a turk = inferior, killing other nationalities, and very militaristic)
what were the outcomes the young turk revolution?
Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia declare themselves independent
Austria-Hungary annexes Bosenia-Hertzcovina,
The serbian government is very ANTI AUSTRIAN
What is the relationship between AUstria and Russia?
austria wants to be allies with russia. in return for russia's okay for the annexation of bosnia, austria will support the annexation of the straits to russia.
What were the results of the Italo-Turkish War?
Italy takes Libya from the Ottoman Empire, who was defeated VERY BADLY!
What happens between Bulgaria and Serbia/Greece?
Bulgaria wanted all of Macedonia fir itself, but serbia and greece wanted a piece of it. This was the spark of the 2nd balkan war.
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