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AP Human Geography Chapter 3 Key Issue 1 & 2

Terms in this set (26)

(1) Colonial settlement in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Immigration to the American colonies and the newly independent United States came from two principal regions: EUROPE-2 million Europeans migrated to American colonies and the newly independent United States prior to 1820. Permanent English colonies established along the Atlantic Coast. SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA-most of these people were forced to migrate to become slaves, during the eighteenth century about 400,000 Africans were shipped as slaves to the 13 colonies that later formed the United States. (2) Mass European immigration in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Migration from Europe the the United States peaked at several points during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries: 1840s/50s IRELAND AND GERMANY-annual immigration jumped from 20,000 to more than 200,000. Three-fourths of all U.S. immigrants during those two decades were from Ireland and Germany. 1870s IRELAND AND GERMANY-Emigration from Ireland and Germany resumed following a temporary decline during the U.S. Civil War. 1880s SCANDINAVIA-Immigration increased to 500,000 per year. The Industrial Revolution had diffused to Scandinavia, triggering a rapid population increase. 1905-1914 SOUTHERN AND EASTERN EUROPE-Immigration to the United States reached 1 million. Two-thirds of all immigrants during this period came from Southern and Eastern Europe, especially Itay, Russia, and Austria-Hungary. The shift in the primary source of immigrants coincided with the diffusiong of the Industrial Revolution to Southern and Eastern Europe, along with rapid population growth. (3) Asian and Latin American immigration in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. ASIA-The leading sources of U.S. immigrants from Asia are China, Phillipenes, India and Vietnam. LATIN AMERICA-Nearly one-half million emigrate to the United States annually from Latin America, more than twice as many as during the nineteenth century.