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140 terms

MAP Reading Vocabulary

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vowel
the letters a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y
advertisement
n. a notice, picture or film informing people of a product, person or service
business letter
A formal letter written to a business
fable
short tale that teaches a lesson
journal
A personal record of events
legend
A story handed down from the past
outline
Use a specific and shortened form to organize main ideas, supporting details, and examples.
short story
A brief work of fiction...
synonym
A word that means the same as another word...
antonym
A word that means the opposite of another...
thank you note
A note that expresses appreciation...
atlas
A book of maps...
title
The name of a literary work...
bias
A preference that prevents one from being impartial; a prejudice...
biography
A written account of another person's life...
compound word
A word made of two or more words (baseball)...
contraction
Process of shortening or making smaller, two words put together by omitting a letter and adding an apostrophe (I'll, I'm...)
cookbook
A book of recipes and other information for preparing food.
dictionary
A reference book containing an explanatory alphabetical list of words...
fairy tale
Short stories featuring mythical beings such as fairies...
index
a list of different topics that can be found in a book and page numbers where to find them
nursery rhyme
A short, rhymed poem or tale for children
autobiography
Story of a person's life written by that person
mood
the feeling created in a reader by a literary work or passage
theme
Central idea of a work of literature
poem
piece of writing set in a group of lines , verse, often rhymes
essay
A short literary composition on a particular theme or subject
metaphor
a comparison without using like or as
simile
a comparison using like or as
symbol
something that stands for something else; i.e, the blind woman holding scales is a _ _ _ _ _ _ for justice
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry ex: (Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers)
genre
particular variety of art or literature
fiction
prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events ( untrue)
non-fiction
writing that tells about real people, places, and events (true)
newspaper
a daily or weekly publication on folded sheets
plot
the story that is told in a novel or play or movie etc.
root word
main part of a word, base word
schedule
plan for an activity or event
science fiction
story in a fantasy world based on varying degrees of scientific facts
setting
where and when the story takes place
syllable
A unit of speech heard as a single sound; one "beat" of a word or phrase.
tall tale
highly exaggerated story with humor
textbook
a book used in the study of a subject
acronym
a word formed from the initial letters of a multi-word name
advertise
turn people to what you are offering
almanac
A series of tables giving the days of the week together with certain astronomical information.
American literature
short stories, novels, plays, and poems written by authors from the United States
anecdote
a short account of an incident in someone's life.
anthology
A collection of various writings, such as songs, stories, or poems
aphorism
A brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life.
argue
have a disagreement about something
autobiography
Story of a person's life written by that person
bibliography
the written list of all the sources used in a report or book
book review
opinion writing about the positive merits or negative qualities of a book
brochure
a booklet or pamphlet that contains descriptive information or advertising
caption
A heading, as of a chapter, section, document, etc.
category
a group of people or things having something in common; type
characteristics
elements, traits, properties, attributes
conclusion
the act of making up your mind about something, the last sentence or paragraph in an essay
conversation
People talking to each other.
description
a statement that represents something in words.
diary
a daily written record of (usually personal) experiences and observations.
drama
a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage.
entertain
to interest and amuse.
excerpt
a passage selected from a larger work.
fact or opinion
something that is proved or thought.
fiction
made up or not true.
foreshadowing
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot.
glossary
brief explanation of words used in the text, in order
guide words
words at the top of a dictionary page which help locate words
graphic organizer
a chart or diagram that readers can use to take notes and organize information
historical fiction
made up but based on actual historical events
homonym
two words are homonyms if they are pronounced or spelled the same way but have different meanings
labels
provide information about products
manual
a handbook; a book of directions
memoir
a collection of stories written by a person, almost like an autobiography
moral
lesson taught
myth
A fictional tale about gods or heroes
narrator
The person telling the story
news
information reported in a newspaper or news magazine
novel
a book that is an extended work of fiction
persuade
to convince
persuasion
to try to influence the thoughts, feelings or behaviors of another.
picture book
a book consisting chiefly of pictures
poet
A person who writes poems
policy
a plan for doing or managing something
problem and solution
a conflict in a story and how it was solved
purpose
the goal of a piece of writing; the reason it is written
recipe
set of instructions for making something
reference book
a book of facts, ex. atlas,encyclopedia,dictionary
reports
to relate or tell, informative writing, essays, for example
resolution
End of the story where loose ends are tied up
resource
a supply that can be used when there is a need
rhythm
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in line of poetry.
rising action
events leading up to the climax in a story
satire
The use of sarcasm, irony, or keenness of wit in ridiculing vices
stanza
a group of lines in a poem
summarize
to give the main point or idea
thesaurus
a book of synonyms and antonyms
topic
the subject treated in a paragraph or work
topic sentence
a sentence that states the topic of its paragraph
Venn diagram
a diagram that uses circles to represent ideas
vocabulary
a language user's knowledge of words
annotated bibliography
a bibliography that includes brief explanations or notes for each reference
editorial
A short essay that expresses the opinion of the writer
footnote
A printed note or definition placed below the text at the bottom of the page
summary
a short, concise retelling of only the important points from a text
assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds, vowel rhyme, the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words: Please bake me a date cake.
assumption
n. thing accepted as true or as sure to happen, but not proved
British literature
Literature from England or associated with the United Kingdom
characterize
to describe special qualities of the character
chronological
arranged in order of time
conflict
problem in the story
coupon
a certificate that gives the consumers a price reduction on a specific product or service
debate
a discussion where people with different points of view argue their points
exaggeration
To make an overstatement or to stretch the truth, hyperbole
exposition
the beginning of the story
falling action
events after the climax of the story, leading to the resolution
field guide
a guidebook that is used outdoors to identify plants, animals, birds, etc.
flashback
a scene in a movie, novel, etc., set in a time earlier than the main story
headline
the heading or caption of a newspaper article
instruction
a message describing how something is to be done
irony
the opposite of what is expected
literary device
figurative language: simile, metaphor, onomatopoeia, sensory language
literary element
a part of a piece of literature such as plot or setting in a story
memorandum
a short note
narrate
To tell a story
order of events
things that happened arranged by when they occurred
parable
a short moral story (often with animal characters)
persuasive
convinces readers to think the way the author does about a subject, a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ive essay or letter
present tense
a verb tense that happens in the present
primary source
an original source that informs directly, not through another person's explanation or interpretation, the first source of information
pun
a humorous play on words
quote
a passage or expression that is cited or _ _ _ _ ed
reference
a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts: encyclopedia, atlas, almanac, dictionary, thesaurus
research paper
a paper you write after doing research
scene
a subdivision of an act of a play
secondary source
Text and/or artifacts that are not original, but written from something original (biographies, magazine articles, research papers).
speech
text meant to be read aloud in front of a group of people
tale
a fictional story--Grandpa told us the _ _ _ _