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107 terms

JCIB Anatomy and Physiology Terms

Terms for IB/AP Anatomy and Physiology
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Acromial
The point at the top of the shoulder
Anastomosis
A connection between two distinct structures
Antecubital
The front of the elbow
Anterior
At the front; Opposite of posterior
Apoptosis
Prgrammed cell death
Arterio
Pertaining to the arteries
Arthr (o)
Joints
Articulate
United by joints
Axillary
Underarm
Bifurcate
Divide into two branches
Brachial
Pertaining to the arm
Bronchial
Pertaining to the bronchi
Buccal
Cheek
Calcaneal
Heel
Cardiac
Pertaining to the heart
Carotid
Pertaining to the carotid artery, the primary artery of the neck
Carpal
wrist
Caudal
Pertaining to the tail or distal end
Celiac
Pertaining to the abdomen
Cephalic
Head
Cervical
Pertaining to the cervix
Coxal
hip
Crural
leg
Cutaneous
Pertaining to the skin
Cyanosis
Bluish color indicating low oxygen content in the blood
Cytology
study of cells
Dermatology
The branch of medicine that dealt with disease of the skin
Dichotomy
Divide into two parts
Digital
fingers
Distal
Farther from a point of reference, as from a center, medial line, or point of attachment. Opposite of proximal
Dorsal
Toward or situated on the back. Opposite of ventral
Dysplasia
A change in cell size, shape or arrangement due to chronic irritation or inflammation
Embryology
Science of the development of embryos
Endocrinology
Study of the glands of internal secretion
Epidemiology
Study of factors that influence the frequency and distribution of infectious diseases
Epigastric
Upper, central, anterior, abdominal area
Femoral
Thigh
Fibular
Side of leg
Frontal
forehead
Gastric
Pertaining to the stomach
Gerontology
The study of old age and its diseases
Gluteal
Buttock
Gynecic
pertaining to women
Heme
Blood
Hepatic
liver
Histology
Study of tissues
Hyperplasia
Excessive cell proliferation
Hypertrophy
Growth of an organ or tissue due to an increase in the size of its cells
Hypogastric
Lower, central, anterior abdominal region. Same as the pubic region
Immunology
Study of immunity
Inguinal
Groin
...itis
Inflammation
Jugular
pertaining to the neck
Lateral
At or toward the side, away from the midline of the body. Opposite of medial
Lingual
Tongue
Lumbar
Pertaining to the loins/low back/the area aroung the lumbar vertebrae
Mammary
Breast
Medial
On or toward the midline of the body or structure. Opposite of lateral
Mediastinum
A subdivision of the thoraic cavity containing the pericardial cavity
Mental
chin
Mesenteric
Pertaing to the fold of peritoneum attaching the intestine to the posterior abdominal wall
Morphology
Body from or shape
Necrosis
Death of a cell or group of cells due to injury or disease
Neonate
Newborn up to four weeks old
Nephrology
Study of kidneys
Occipital
Pertaining to the back of the head
Olecranon
Elbow
...ology
Study of ...
Oncology
Study of cancer
Opthamologist
MD who specializes in the study of and treatment of diseases of the eyes
Optic
Eyes
Optometrist
Doctor who tests and prescribes glasses
Oral
Mouth
Orbital
Eyes
Osis
Disease
Otic
Ears
Parietal
Pertaining to the walls of a cavity
Pateller
Knee
Pathology
The scientific stidy of the alterations produced by disease
Pectoral
Pertaining to the chest or breast
Pedal
Top of the foot, near the ankle and toes
Peri
Around
Perineal
Region between the anus and the external genitalia
Periodontist
Dentist who specializes in the care of the gums and tissues around a tooth
Plantar
The sole of the foot
Pleura
The area around the lungs
Plexus
A network or tangle, chiefly of veins or nerves
Podiatry
Study and care of the feet
Popliteal
Posterior aspect of the knee
Posterior
At the back, opposite of anterior
Proctology
The branch of medicine that deals with the rectum
Prone
Lying face downward, or on the ventral surface
Proximal
Nearest to a point of reference, such as the center or point of attachment. Opposite of distal
Psychiatrist
MD who treats mental illness and can perscribe treatment and medications
Psychologist
PhD prepared person who provides psychological counseling and cannot prescribe medications or medical treatment
Pulmonary
Pertaining to the lungs
Renal
Pertaining to the kidneys
Sacral
Between the hips
Stenosis
Narrowing or construction of a body passage or opening
Sternal
Breastbone
Supine
Lying with the face up, or on the dorsal surface
Sural
Calf
Thoracic
Pertaining to the chest
Umbilical
Naval
Uro...
Urine
Ventral
Pertaining to the abdomen or belly. Opposite of dorsal
Viscera
Pertaining to an organ, especially the abdominal organs