Upgrade to remove ads
How did racial segregation operate in the 1960s in the USA? Key Terms:
Terms in this set (17)
Martin Luther King Jr
Martin Luther King, Jr., was an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement.
Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little was an American Muslim minister and a human rights activist who advocated separatism and criticised non-violent protest.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is an African-American civil rights organisation in the United States, formed in 1909 by Moorfield Storey, Mary White Ovington and W. E. B. Du Bois.
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference is an African-American civil rights organisation. SCLC, which is closely associated with its first president, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., had a large role in the American Civil Rights Movement.
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was one of the most important organisations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a student meeting organised by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in April 1960.
The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) is a U.S. civil rights organisation, founded in 1942, that played a pivotal role for African Americans in the Civil Rights Movement.
The Nation of Islam is an Islamic religious movement founded in Detroit, United States, by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad on July 4, 1930.
On October of 1966, in Oakland California, Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense. The Panthers practiced militant self-defense of minority communities against the U.S. government, and fought to establish revolutionary socialism through mass organising and community based programs.
Selma to Montgomery March
In early 1965, Martin Luther King Jr.'s SCLC made Selma, Alabama, the focus of its efforts to register black voters in the South. That March, protesters attempting to march from Selma to the state capital of Montgomery were met with violent resistance by state and local authorities. As the world watched, the protesters (under the protection of federalised National Guard troops) finally achieved their goal, walking around the clock for three days to reach Montgomery. The historic march, and King's participation in it, greatly helped raise awareness of the difficulty faced by black voters in the South, and the need for a Voting Rights Act, passed later that year.
March on Whashington
On August 28, 1963, more than 200,000 Americans gathered in Washington, D.C., for a political rally known as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Organised by a number of civil rights and religious groups, the event was designed to shed light on the political and social challenges African Americans continued to face across the country. The march, which became a key moment in the growing struggle for civil rights in the United States, culminated in Martin Luther King Jr's "I Have a Dream" speech, a spirited call for racial justice and equality.
Chicago ghetto campaign
In late 1965, Martin Luther King Jr. brought his crusade for civil rights to Chicago. He came at the invitation of the Chicago Freedom Movement, working to end slums and improve living conditions for blacks in the city. The campaign offered King and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) an opportunity to move the civil rights struggle into a new phase, one that addressed entrenched racial discrimination in urban cities which kept blacks locked in ghettos, overcrowded schools, and low-paying jobs.
In Watts, a black neighbourhood in L.A, two white policemen scuffle with a black motorist suspected of drunken driving. A crowd of spectators gathered near the corner of Avalon Boulevard and 116th Street to watch the arrest and soon grew angry by what they believed to be yet another incident of racially motivated abuse by the police. A riot soon began, spurred on by residents of Watts who were embittered after years of economic and political isolation. violence left 34 dead, 1,032 injured, nearly 4,000 arrested, and $40 million worth of property destroyed.
Martin Luther King assassination
Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was planning to make a speech about sanitation workers. He was staying at the Lorraine Motel in Room 306.
de jure segregation
De jure segregation was the legally enforced segregation between blacks and whites on blacks in the 1960s.
de facto segregation
Segregation that happened "by fact" rather than by legal requirement.
Jim crow laws
The Jim Crow laws who enforced segregation that were enacted by Southern states earlier in the century that were started to be abolished by the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.
Denying African Americans equal access to housing through the process of misinformation, denial of realty and financing services, and racial steering.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
History Chapter 17
An Age of Limits Vocab
The Conservative Tide
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Unit 2 Test Review
Chapter 18 Test
IB HOA Topic 10 Civil Rights African Americans Ter…