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lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventing food from entering the larynx and trachea during swallowing
hilum (of the lung)
midline region where th bronchi, blood vessels and nerves enter and exits the lungs
essential parts of the lung, responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli
tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure
acute infection of the troat and upper respiratory tract caused by the diptheria bacterium
inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick, mucous secretions that do not drain normally
abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection and bronchitis
chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause in which small nodules or tubercles develop in thelungs
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
chronic condition of persistent obstruction of air flow through bronchial tubes and lungs
computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest
computer-generated x-ray images show thoracic structures in cross section
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the chest
magnetic waves create detailed images of the chest in frontal, lateral and cross section planes
positron emission tomography (PET) scan of the lung
radioactive substance is injected and images reveal metobolic activity in the lung
ventilation-perfussion (V/Q) scan
detection device records radioactivity in the lung after injection of a radiosotope or inhalation of small radioactive gas
placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx and trachea to establish an airway
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