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dannys math
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Terms in this set (76)
Minimum
smallest number in a set of data
Maximum
largest number in a set of data
Mode
the number or numbers that occur most often in a set of data
Mean
average; add up all the numbers and divide by the amount of numbers
Negative Numbers
a number less than zero
Median
the middle number in a set of data; the data needs to be in order from least to greatest
Range
maximum minus the minimum
Inequality
an expression that contains the symbols > or <
Hypotenuse
longest side of a right triangle
Area
the amount of space inside a figure (multiply)
Perimeter
distance around a figure (add)
Congruent
having the same shape and size
Parallelogram
a quadrilateral whose opposite sides are parallel and congruent
Quadrilateral
a polygon with four sides
Polygon
a 2-dimensional figure that is made up of three or more line segments joined end to make one closed path
Right Angle
a 90 degree angle
Acute Angle
an angle with a measure less than 90 degrees
Right Triangle
a 90 degree angle in a triangle
Scalene Triangle
a triangle with sides of 3 different lengths
Obtuse Angle
an angle with a measure more than 90 degrees
Isosceles Triangle
a triangle with at least 2 sides that are the same in length
Equilateral Triangle
a triangle with all 3 sides equal in length
Composite Number
a whole number that has more than 2 factors
Prime Number
a whole number that has exactly 2 factors, one and the number itself
Expanded Notation
a way to write numbers that shows the value of each number
Factors
numbers multiplied to get a product
Multiples
a counting number
Factor Tree
a diagram that helps you get the prime factorization of a number
Pattern
a series of continued numbers or shapes
Standard Notation
the answer
Exponential Notation
a way to show repeated multiplication using exponents
Parallel Lines
lines that never intersect and are always the same distance apart
Perpendicular Lines
two lines that intersect to form right angles
Circumference
the distance around a cirlce
Tessellation
no gaps or overlapping
Trapezoid
a quadrilateral with exactly one pair of parallel sides
Volume
a measure of how much space (in cubic units) a solid object takes up
Symmetrical
having two parts that are mirror images of each other
Adjacent Angles
angles that share a common side and vertex
Probability
the likelihood that an event will take place
Diameter
a line segment that passes through the center of a circle
Radius
a line segment from the center of a circle to any point on the circle
Vertical Angles
angles that are opposite to one another
Product
the result of multiplying two numbers; answer in a multiplication problem
Quotient
the result of dividing one number by another number; the answer to a division problem
Sum
the result of adding two or more numbers; the answer to an addition problem
Hexagon
a polygon with six sides
Pentagon
a polygon with five sides
Octagon
a polygon with eight sides
Exponent
a small raised number to tell how many times the base is used
Equivalent
having the same value
Regular Polygon
a closed figure and all sides are the same length
Factor String
a counting number written as a product of two or more of its factors
Rhombus
a parallelogram with four equal sides
Numerator
the number on top of a fraction
Denominator
the number on the bottom of a fraction
Whole Number
the counting numbers beginning with zero
Square Number
a number that is the product of a counting number itself; 25 is a square number
Square Root
a number when multiplied by itself gives n; square root of 16 is 4
Translation
a slide; a movement of a figure to a new position without turning or flipping it
Reflection
a flip; a transformation that produces the mirror image of a figure
Improper Fraction
numerator is larger than the denominator
Number Sentence
an equation or inequality with numbers
Number Model
a number sentence or expression that models a number story
Open Sentence
a number sentence that has a variable
Mixed Number
a whole number plus a fraction
Rectangle
a parallelogram with four right angles
Square
a rectangle whose sides are all the same length
Straight Angle
an angle that measure 180 degrees
Reflex Angle
an angle that measures between 180 and 360 degrees
Difference
the result of subtracting one number from another; the answer in a subtraction problem
Cone
a 3-dimensional shape that has a circular base, a curved surface, and one vertex
Odd Number
a number that cannot be evenly divided by 2
Even Number
a number that can be evenly divided by 2
Positive Number
a number that is greater than zero
Variable
a letter or other symbol that represents a number
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