Terms in this set (76)
Separation of powers were separated between what branches?
legislative, executive, judicial
Six principles of the US Constitution
Separation of powers, checks and balances, limited government, popular sovereignty, judicial, & federalism
checks and balances
each branch can limit the powers of the other branches
no one is above the law
the governments power comes from the people (consent of the governed)
supreme court may decide laws or actions unconstitutional- if they violate the constitution (Marbury vs Madison)
powers listed in constitution that are given to the Federal government
powers listed in the constitution that are given to the states
powers listed in the constitution that are shared between the states and federal government
examples of expressed powers
Coin money, Declare war, conduct foreign affairs
examples of reserved powers
run elections, establish schools, issue licenses
examples of concurrent powers
establish courts, borrow money, collet taxes, make and enforce laws
any change in the constitution
Bill of rights
first ten amendments protecting individual rights
banning of printed material or films due to offensive ideas
putting on trial for a crime which one was previously acquitted
following established legal procedures
the body that formally elects the president
the government may take private property for public use
all citizens are protected under the laws
ex post facto
may be punished for an action that wasn't previously against the law
written untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation
an order of forbidding something
states that the federal government is the supreme law of the land
writ of habeas corpus
prisoner must be brought to court for an explanation of detainment
What article is the legislative branch?
What article is the Executive branch?
What article is the Judicial branch?
what branch can override a veto by the president?
what branch can impeach government officials
what is the legislative branch consist of
the congress consists of the
house of representatives and the Senate
What does the house of representatives do?
brings the charges
What does the senate do?
holds the hearings (trials)
what branch must confirm presidential appointments
The senate can ratify treaties with what fraction of a vote?
what branch can declare war?
the senate is based on...
the house of representatives is based on...
the head of the executive branch is the
what branch can veto bills that are proposed by the congress?
what branch can call a special session of congress
what branch appoints supreme court and federal judges?
what branch grants pardons and reprieves
what is the head of the executive branch also known as?
how is the president chosen?
by the electoral college, not a popular vote
what branch can declare laws unconstitutional?
what branch can declare executive acts unconstitutional?
what branch has the power to appoint laws?
Marbury vs. Madison establish...
Who is the head of the judicial branch?
how many justices are there in the supreme court?
how many chief justices are there in the supreme court?
1 chief justice
who appoints and approves the justices in the supreme courts?
The president appoints and the Senate approves
What branch makes the laws?
what branch enforces the laws?
what branch interprets the laws?
how long is the term of the Senate in the legislative branch?
6 years for unlimited terms
how long is the term of the House of Representatives in the legislative branch?
2 years for unlimited terms
How long is the president & vice president in term for?
4 years for 2 terms
for a total of 10 years
How long are the supreme courts justices and federal judges chosen for?
serve for life (but can be removed from position)
Qualification for the senators
at least 30 years old, at least nine years of US citizen, & resident of state elected in
Qualification for the House of Representatives
at least 25 years old, resident of the district, citizen for 7 years
qualifications for the president/vp
35 years old, 14 years of a US citizen, must be a citizen of the US by birth
Qualifications for the cabinet
any age, president must appoint and senate must approve
qualifications for the supreme court and supreme justices
no requirements; president appoints and the Senate must approve with a 2/3rd vote
introduction to the constitution?
six goals found in the preamble
a) form a more perfect union b) Establish justice c) insure domestic tranquility d) provide for the common defense e) promote the general welfare f) secure the blessing of liberty to ourselves and our posterity.
What does article I discuss
the legislative branch
what does article II discuss
the executive branch
what does article III discuss
the judicial branch
what does article IV discuss
relationships between states (power given to the states)
What does article V discuss
the amendment process
What does article VI discuss
natural supremacy (supremacy clause)
What does article VII discuss
what follows the articles?
the bill of rights followed by amendments 11-27