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41 terms

Drugs and their classification/Action

Anti-infectives and Nervous System meds
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amoxicillin (Amoxil)
PCN, Broad spectrum (against Gr+ and Gr-) bactericidal, inhibits cell wall synthesis
ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
3rd generation cephalosporin, broad spectrum bactericidal
erythromycin (E-mycin)
macrolide, bacteriostatic and bactericidal (in large doses)
vancomycin (Vancocin)
bactericidal, only for most serious (gm+) infections, including hospital acquired MRSA
tetracycline HCl (Sumycin)
bacteriostatic, broad spectrum, but increased use leads to increased resistance
gentamicin (Garamycin)
aminoglycoside, bactericidal; for more serious (gm- but also MRSA) infections
ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
fluoroquinolone, broad spectrum bactericidal
TMP-SMZ (Bactrim, Septra)
broad spectrum bacteriostatic and bactericidal; "sulfa" drug; inhibits folic acid synthesis needed for metabolism
izoniazid (INH)
antitubercular (prophylaxis and/or treatment); given in combination with other antituberculars for tx
rifampin (Rifadin)
broad spectrum bactericidal esp used as an anti tubercular (given with other antituberculars if for TB tx)
metronidazole (Flagyl)
antibacterial (including anaerobic) and anti protozoan; esp used for GI infections
acyclovir (Zovirax)
antiviral, helps decrease severity of s/s rather than curing; especially for herpes, varicella infections, zoster/shingles
nitrofurandantoin (Macrodantin)
broad spectrum urinary antiseptic. bacteriostatic and bactericidal
gamma globulin
immune globulin (immunizing agent); preformed antibodies provide for passive immunity
Hib vaccine (ActHIB)
Immunizing agent against (bacterial) H flu (Haemophilus influenza B)
pneumococcal va [PPV] (Prevnar, Pneumovax)
Immunizing agent against pneumococcal pneumonia
influenza vaccine (Fluvirin; FluMist)
Immunizing agent against (yearly anticipated) flu strain
RhoD immune globulin (RhoGAM)
Immune globulin (immunizing agent); acts as an immunosuppressant
levodopa/carbidopa (Sinemet)
anti-parkinson agent; acts to replace dopamine levels in CNS
benztropine (Cogentin)
antiparkinson; for tx of Parkinson's EPS, including drug endured EPS
donepezil (Aricept)
Anti-Alzheimer's agent; cholinesterase inhibitor (so it leads to an increase in Ach)
phenobarbital
Barbiturate anticonvulsant; sedative/hypnotic
phenytoin (Dilantin)
anticonvulsant, esp for tonic-clonic and partial seizures; also a cardiac antidysrhythmic
diazepam (Valium)
Benzodiazepine anticonvulsant (also, skeletal muscle relaxant, sedative, anti-anxiety agent)
baclofen (Lioresal)
Skeletal muscle relaxant; antispasticity agent
prednisone (Deltasone)
Anti-inflammatory; immunosuppressant in large doses
ASA; aspirin
NSAID; Cox1 and Cox2 enzyme inhibitor; platelet aggregate inhibitor
ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil)
NSAID; Cox1 and Cox2 enzyme inhibitor
celecoxib (Celebrex)
2nd generation NSAID, Cox2 inhibitor
ketorolac (Toradol)
NSAID, Cox1 and Cox2 enzyme inhibitor
etanercept (Enbrel)
Immunosuppressant, DMARD (TNF blckr); tx of RA, Crohn's, UC, psoriasis
acetaminophen (Tylenol, APAP)
analgesic for mild pain; antipyretic
morphine
Opioid analgesic; tx of mod to severe pain
meperidine (Demerol)
opioid for mod to severe pain; esp for biliary pain as does not cause spasm at sphincter of Oddi; in L and D
fantanyl (Duragesic, Sublimaze)
Opioid analgesic; tx of severe pain
Oxycodone (OxyContin)
Opioid analgesic; slow release (q 12 hr PO dosing)
hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Lortab; Vicodin)
Opioid analgesic with acetaminophen; tx of moderate to severe pain; also antitussive effects
nalbuphine (Nubain)
Opioid agonist/antagonist; tx of moderate to severe pain
gabapentin (Neurontin)
Analgesic adjuvant; anticonvulsant; also used as a mood stabilizer
pregabalin (Lyrica)
Analgesic, anticonvulsant; especially for neuropathic or post herpetic pain
sumatriptan (Imitrex)
Vascular H/A suppressant, tx of migraine H/A; also, cluster H/A tx.