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34 terms

CSET World History

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Etruscans
ruled much of central italy; aristocracy of nobles, led by a king, controlled each city state
Republic
thing of the people
senate
most powerful body in early Republic; served for life;made laws; at first only patricians
consuls
elected by senators; one term; initially patrician only; supervised business of government and controlled armies
tribunes
made up of plebians; could veto laws harmful to Plebians
Caligula
crazy Roman emperor who appointed his horse consul
Edict of Milan
Christianity became a religion approved by the emperor (Constantine)
Western Empire
the region that included Britain, Gaul, Italy, Africa, and Spain, and was not very civilized (Catholic Church)
Eastern Empire
the region that included Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Europe, and was very prosperous (Greek Orthodox Church)
Stoicism
a philosophy of life that encourages virtue, duty, and endurance
Pax Romana
the period of time between 27 BC and 180 AD - peace and prosperity
Augustus
Caesar's adopted son, perhaps Rome's ablest emperor
aqueduct
long, bridgelike structure that carried water from nearby hills to centers of population
Julian Emperors
descendants from Caesar's family who ruled
patrician
a specially privileged family or citizen, upper class
plebeian
a free common citizen, but had little power
republic
a political unit that is not ruled by a monarch, and in which citizens vote for leaders
SPQR
"senate and Roman people" 2 groups that were the heart of the Roman government
Twelve Tables
the set of Roman laws which helped resolve the conflicts between patricians and plebians
Punic Wars
the series of wars between Rome and Carthage for control of Sicily and lands west of the Mediterranean Sea, that Rome eventually won
Carthage
the former Phoenician colony that was destroyed by Romans in Punic Wars
Julius Caesar
famous Roman ruler who wanted to help the poor; emerged from chaos of civil wars to take charge of Republic
Brutus
Caesar's old friend who aided in his murder
Octavian
aka Augustus - Caesar's grandnephew who ruled Rome for 41 years - start of Pax Romana
Constantine
emperor who passed the Edict of Milan; proclaimed tolerance of christianity
Crossing the Rubicon
refers to making a decision that you can't go back on, like when Caesar had to cross this river
Lasting principles of law developed by Romans
innocent until proven guilty; accused allowed to face accuser and offer defense;clearly establish guilt through evidence; judges interpret law and make fair decisions
cultures which contributed to Greco-Roman civilization
Greek, Hellenistic, Roman
Justinian
collected all of laws of ancient Rome and produced Body of Civil law - Justinian's Code
Cause and Effect: Rome defeated carthage and Sicily
Hannibal brought 2nd Punic War to Italy, defeated Romans at Cannae
cause and Effect: Marius recruited armies promising them land/required oath of loyalty
recruited armies by promising them land - roman army no longer under govt control/power rested in hands of generals
Cause and Effect: Sulla used army to seize govt. power
restored power to govt with strong senate but set precedent for military coups
Cause and Effect: ceasar filled senate with his own supporters
power of Senate weakened; Ceasar assasinated
Cause and effect: Economic and social policies of Diocletian and Constantine based on coercion and control
contributed to Empire's eventual collapse