31 terms

Women in the Progressive Era

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Farm women
Taking care of homes, farms, families, will not work actively in the movement but will benefit
Domestic workers
Maids, laundresses, cooks, African American and immigrant women included
Women in industry
Factories, packaging plants, textile industry, least skilled and lowest paid, will not work quite as actively but will benefit
White collar workers
Middle class workers, went all the way through HS and maybe trade school, secretaries, bookkeepers, teachers, stenographers, many participate in the movement
Women's colleges
Spelman, Radcliff, Vassar, Mt. Holycke, Smith, Wellsley, Barnard
Professions being denied to women
Led to improve American society, "social housekeeping"
Social housekeeping
Cleaning up society
Sophia Smith
Started Smith College for women, wanted women to be educated, women had to hold leadership positions at her school, had first women's sports team (softball)
The Settlement House Movement
Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr
Goals of the Settlement House Movement
Wanted to improve the lives of the American poor and immigrants
Inspiration for Hull House
London - Toynbee Hall - settlement house in a poor district of London
Hull House
One of the most important and successful settlement houses, included classes, medicine, daycares, job assistance, social work
Sickness
Hull House founders realized the uncleanliness of the cities and started to clean the streets, and Chicago became the first city to have regular trash pickup
Jane Addams
Founding member of the NAACP, ACLU, and Peace Party, and won the Nobel Peace Prize
National Association of Colored Women
Mary Church Terrell and Josephine Ruffin, wanted to uplift morally, politically, and socially the African American people, same social work as Hull House
Women's Era
Magazine by women, for women, created by Josephine Ruffin
Mary Terrell
Created NAACP, fought for women's suffrage, and helped to end segregation in restaurants
Seneca Falls Convention - 1848
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, Lucy Stone, Frederick Douglass, marked the start of the women's rights' movement
Declaration of Women's Sentiments
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, grievances that men have caused women, equality
Civil War
Women stopped the fight for equality to help the war efforts
After the Civil War
14th Amendment - grants citizenship for women, 15th Amendment - black men the right to vote, Susan B. Anthony - women worked for abolition, helped society during the war, deserved the right to vote
NAWSA
National American Women Suffrage Association, the convention splits over the issue of the 15th Amendment and this side is led by Stanton and Anthony
AWSA
American Women's Suffrage Association, led by Lucy Stone (part of the separation from the convention over the 15th Amendment)
1890 - NAWSA
Merging of the NWSA and the AWSA
Carrie Catt
President of NAWSA, worked with Anthony and Stanton when she was younger, created the three-part strategy
Three-part strategy
Campaign state by state for women's right to vote, pursue court cases that tested the 14th Amendment, work for a national constitutional amendment, granting women the right to vote
Minor v. Happersett
Virginia Minor tried to vote, SCOTUS declares that women are citizens, but they do not have the right to vote
Alice Paul and Lucy Burns
Went to Oxford together, inspired by the Sufragettes in England, more aggressive tactics, speeches, parades, etc.
Inex Miholland
Labor lawyer (young NAWSA)
Doris Stevens
Journalist (young NAWSA)
Congressional Union
Young members of NAWSA created this, to separate from the older members of NAWSA that they disagreed with, eventually turned into the National Women's Party