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131 terms

Latin Vocab

Sections 1-15 Test: Feb 7th
STUDY
PLAY
abrupt
exceedingly sudden and unexpected
corrupt
changed from good to bad; vicious; pervert
disrupt
break apart; cause disorder
erupt
burst or break out
incorruptible
inflexibly honest; incapable of being corrupted or bribed
interrupt
break into or between; hinder; stop
rupture
break, breaking; hostility
bactericide
substance that kills bacteria
biocide
substance that destroys many different organisms
fratricide
act of killing one's brother
fungicide
substance that kills fungi or inhibits their growth
genocide
deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
germicide
substance that kills germs
herbicide
substance that kills plants
homicide
killing of one human by another
infacticide
act of killing an infant
insecticide
substance that kills insects
matricide
act of killing one's mother
patricide
act of killing one's father
pesticide
substance that kills rats, insects, bacteria
regicide
act of killing a king
sororicide
act of killing one's sister
suicide
act of killing one's self
tyrannicide
act of killing a tyrant
astringent
drawing tightly together; stern; substance that shrinks the tissues and checks flow of blood
boa constrictor
snake that crushes its prey in its coils
constrict
draw together; render narrower; shrink
restrict
keep within limits; confine
stricture
adverse criticism; censure; restriction
stringent
strict; rigid; severe
unrestricted
not confined within bounds; free; open to all
carnivore
flesh-eating animal
carnivorous
flesh-eating
devour
eat greedily or ravenously; seize upon and destroy
frugivorous
feeding on fruit
herbivore
plant-eating animal
herbivorous
dependent on plants as food
insectivorous
dependent on insects as food
omnivore
person or animal that eats everything (both flesh and plants)
omnivorous
eating everything, both plants and animals; avidly taking in everything
voracious
greedy in eating; insatiable
convivial
fond of eating and drinking with friends; sociable; jovial
revive
bring back to life; restore
survive
outlive; remain alive after
vivacious
lively in temper or conduct
vivacity
liveliness of spirit
vivid
having the vigor and spirit of life; sharp and clear; graphic
vivify
enliven; make vivid
vivisection
operation on a living animal for scientific investigation
contortionist
person who can twist his or her body into odd postures
distort
twist out of shape; contort; twist out of true meaning, misrepresent
extort
wrest (money, promises, etc.) from a person by force
retort
reply quickly or sharply; quick, witty, or cutting reply
torsion
act of twisting; stress due to twisting forces exerted on a body
tortuous
full of twists or curves; winding; tricky, crooked, circuitous
convict
prove guilty; show conclusively to be guilty; person serving a prison sentence
conviction
state of having been judged guilty of an offense; strong belief
convince
persuade or show conclusively by argument or proof
evict
expel by legal process, oust
evince
show clearly; disclose, reveal
invincible
incapable of being conquered
vanquish
overcome in battle; conquer; defeat
victor
winner; conqueror
fraction
one or more of the equal parts of a whole; fragment
fractious
apt to break out into a passion; cross; irritable
fracture
break or crack; breaking of a bone
fragile
easily broken; frail; delicate
fragment
part broken off
infraction
act of breaking; breach; violation
refract
bend from a straight path
refractory
resisting; intractable; hard to manage
omnibus
covering many things at once; book containing a variety of works by one author
omnifarious
of all varieties, forms, or kinds
omnific
all-creating
omnipotent
unlimited in power; almighty
omnipresent
present everywhere at the same time
omniscient
knowing everything
omnivorous
eating everything, both plant and animal substances
deflect
turn aside
flex
bend, as to flex a limb
flexible
pliable; not rigid; tractable
flexor
muscle that serves to bend a limb
genuflect
bend the knee; touch the right knee to the ground, as in worship
inflection
change in the pitch or tone of a person's voice
inflexibility
rigidity; firmness
reflect
throw back light rays; think
reflex
involuntary response to a stimulus
detention
act of keeping back or detaining
impertinent
irrelevant; not pertinent; inappropriate; rude
pertinacious
adhering firmly to a purpose or opinion; very persistent
pertinent
having to do with the matter at hand; relevant
retentive
tenacious; able to retain or remember
retinue
group of followers or assistants attending a distinguished person
tenacity
firmness in holding fast; persistence
tenancy
period of a tenant's temporary holding of real estate
tenet
principle, belief, or doctrine generally held to be true
tenure
period for which an office or position is held; status assuring an employee a permanent position
untenable
incapable of being held or defended
admonish
warn of a fault; reprove; rebuke
admonition
gentle reproof; counseling against a fault or error
admonitory
conveying a gentle reproof
monitor
person or device that keeps track of, checks, or warns; keep track of
monument
means of reminding us of a person or event
premonition
forewarning; intuitive anticipation of a coming event
premonitory
conveying a forewarning
countermand
issue a contrary order
mandate
authoritative command; territory administered by a trustee
mandatory
obligatory; required by command
remand
send back; recommit
writ of mandamus
written order from a court to enforce the performance of some public duty
accredited
officially authorized or recognized; provided with credentials
credence
belief as to the truth of something
credentials
documents, letters, references, etc., that inspire belief or trust
credible
believable
credit
belief; faith; trust
credulous
too ready to believe; easily deceived
creed
summary of principles believed in or adhered to
discredit
cast doubt on; refuse to believe; take trust or credit away from; disgrace; loss of belief or trust
incredible
not believable
incredulity
disbelief
affidavit
sworn written statement made before an authorized official
bona fide
made or carried out in good faith; genuine
confidant
one to whom secrets are entrusted
confident
having faith in oneself; self-reliant; sure
confidential
communicated in trust; secret; private
diffident
lacking self-confidence; unduly timid; shy
fidelity
faithfulness to a trust or vow; accuracy; faithfulness of sound
fiduciary
held in trust; confidential
infidel
one who does not accept a particular faith; unbeliever
perfidious
false to a trust; faithfulness; treacherous
perfidy
violation of a trust; treachery; faithlessness; disloyalty