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Arts and Humanities
7th Grade Ancient Egypt & Kush
Terms in this set (59)
Greek historian called Egypt the gift of the Nile bc the river brought so much life to the region.
longest river in the world (begins in central Africa and runs 4000 miles north to the Mediterranean Sea
Ancient Egypt is divided into how many regions?
two Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
southern region/named for its upriver location
northern region/named for its downriver location
sliced between desert of Upper Egypt, where it created a fertile river valley about 13 miles wide.
South of Egypt were rocky and hilly land caused by what?
1st cataract is
720 miles south of Mediterranean, southern border of Upper Egypt. 5 more cataracts south which makes sailing very difficult
Lower Egypt is the form of
a triangle shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river
The Nile Delta is covered with
swamps and marshes
Two thirds of Egypt's fertile farmland is located
in the Nile Delta
Most of Egypt was desert except
when the Nile flooded and it rained in the highland of east Africa
also known as black land/land along the river
land is less barren desert land beyond the river valley
settlement in Egypt wouldn't have happened without
life-giving , miracle floods
Similarities of Mesopotamia
1. Hunter-gatherers learned to farm
2. Irrigation systems to channel and collect water
3. Abundance of food led to population increase
Kingdoms developed into
Upper and Lower
Lower Egypt king
king wore red crown and ruled from Pe
Upper Egypt king
wore cone shaped white crown and ruled from Nekhen
3100 BC Upper Egypt King Menes
wanted to unify Upper and Lower Egypt like the earlier King Scorpion tried to do.
title used by rulers of Egypt means "great house"
series of rulers from the same family
Built capital city on southern tip of Nile Delta
First dynasty lasted
200 years until rivals challenged and established the Second Dynasty
First & Second Dynasties ruled for how long
Third Dynasty came to power and began
Old Kingdom from Egyptian History 2700 - 2200 BC
political system was based on the belief that the pharaoh was
both a king and a god
Belonged to the gods and pharaoh was responsible for managing the gods, giving them absolute power.
most famous pharaoh of the Old Kingdom, who was known for begin cruel and having monuments build to him
The Social Structure
Pharaoh - ruled as a god
Upper Classes - priests, government officials, scribes, craftspeople, merchants
Middle classes - lower government officials, scribes, craftspeople, merchants
Lower classes(80% of population) farmers, servants and slaves
trading with Numbia for
gold, ivory, slaves, and stone
Punt, and area on Red Sea
traded incense and myrrh which were to make perfume and medicine
Traded Syria for
Egyptians practiced what religion?
creator of the world, was worshipped in Memphis
Temples were built to gods all over Egypt
payments were made there
many gods were mixed in what kind of forms?
human and animal forms
Amon - Re
God of the underworld
goddess of magic
sky god, god of the pharaohs
life after death, considered by Egyptians to be a happy, young and healthy place
person's life force
Egyptians believed that when a person died
their Ka left the body and became a spirit, but was forever linked to the body and couldn't leave its burial site
filled with objects for the afterlife
allowed bodies to be preserved for many years
specially treated bodies wrapped in linen and placed in a coffin
Egyptians believed that
the body had to be prepared for the afterlife so it should be preserved
the spirit could not be recognized if it was
people of wealth and power and royalty were the only ones who could afford to be mummified.
buried their dead in shallow graves at the edge of the desert
huge stone tombs wit four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on the top. First and largest one built in the Old Kingdom
Rulers or Pharaohs were buried
Great Pyramid of Khufu near Giza. Base is 13 acres and 481 feet tall, build with 2 million limestones
The application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes.
size of pyramid symbolized what?
pointing to the skies symbolized what?
the journey of the afterlife.
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