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Chapter 12 - Abnormal Disorders
Terms in this set (30)
what is the issue with labeling?
the labels we put on people can influence our perceptions of behavior
what are epidemiologists?
study the distribution of factors associated with accidents, diseases, and pysch. disorder.. able to create and identify subgroups
number or percentage of people in a population ever had a particular disorder during a specific time period
number or percentage of newly diagnosed cases of a particular disorder in a given population
what is a comorbid disorder?
concurrent disorder - more than one disorder can lead to a chronic history and greater overall impairment
what is anxiety?
general feeling of apprehension characterized by behavioral (shaking), cognitive (difficulty concentrating), or physiological symptoms
irrational fear of an activity, object, or situation that is out of proportion to actual danger
"fear of marketplace" - women - avoidance of public places or situations in which escape may be difficult should the individual develop incapacitating or embarrassing symptoms of public
a free of being seen or observed by others
any phobia other than above including the free of specific animals, of elements of the natural environment, and of such things such as blood, injections, or injury
what is classical conditioning?
stimulus that involves fear
by observing (modeling) the behaviors and emotional reactions of others
the most severe anxiety disorder, characterized by intense physiological arousal not related to a specific stimulus - "out of the blue"
generalized anxiety disorder?
chronically high level of anxiety that is NOT attached to a specific stimulus - GABA - hinders decision making
obsessive compulsive disorder - anxiety disorder characterized by repetitive, irrational, intrusive thoughts, impulses, or images and irresistible repetitive acts (compulsions) such as checking that doors are locked
t/f OCD is pleasurable to those who have it
t/f OCD runs in families
a reaction to a traumatic or life-threatening situation that is characterized by repeated re-experience of the event, avoidance of stimuli, emotional numbness, and increased arousal - long period of time
disorders involving physical complaints that do not have a known medical cause but are related to psychological factors
somatoform disorder in which a person believes that he or she has a serious disease despite repeated medical findings to the contrary
disorder involving multiple physical complaints that do not have a medical explanation and do not suggest a specific known disease
somatoform disorder in which a person presents sensory or motor symptoms that do not have a medical explanation - not under voluntary control
symptoms of conversion disorder?
blindness, deafness, paralysis, and seizures
the term conversion suggests?
that anxiety over a conflict or other difficult situation is converted into a physical manifestation
the response of others called the ------------ tends to increase use of the the symptom
the primary gain is ?
the avoidance of anxiety associated with the conflict
conversion reactions often ----- w/o treatment, sometimes in response to changes in the availability of attention or sympathy
affects a function of the mind, such as memory for event, knowledge of one's identity, or consciousness
involves a sudden inability to recall important personal info; often occurs in response to trauma or extreme stress
involves amnesia and flight from the workplace or home; may involve establishing a new identity in a new location
Recommended textbook explanations
Arlene Lacombe, Kathryn Dumper, Rose Spielman, William Jenkins
Understanding Psychology, Student Edition
Richard A. Kasschau
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
This set is often in folders with...
The Nervous System - Chapter 2
Chapter 3 - Sensation and Perception
Chapter 12 Lectures - Abnormal Personalities
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