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Western Civ II Midterm
Terms in this set (61)
According to the divine right theory, rulers received their power from
Royal absolutism first emerged in what two countries/kingdoms?
France & Spain
What was the name of the French official who played the most important role in centralizing the authority of the French monarch?
Who succeeded Cardinal Richelieu as minister to the French King?
Who ruled France in the second half of the 1600s?
The event that most changed the nature of the Holy Roman Empire was the
Thirty Years' War
The Habsburgs ruled ____
The Holy Roman Empire
Frederick William I was ruler of
Russia began to Westernize during the reign of_____
What dynasty was inaugurated under James I?
The Long Parliament attacked the power of
Who wrote Two Treatises of Government in 1690?
Who proved that the planets followed elliptical orbits?
Who helped transform alchemy to chemistry?
Who was the main advocate of deductive reasoning?
Who wrote Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy?
Who was a French philosopher that argued that faith was superior to reason?
Who was the British naval officer that claimed the eastern coast of Australia for Great Britain?
Captain James Cook
What country originally claimed much of Canada, as well as the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys?
What country held the largest overseas empire in 1650?
What is fundamentally a form of protectionism?
The Treaty of Paris (1763) ended what conflict?
The Seven Years' War
What commodity dominated the trans-Atlantic trade in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries?
In the period from 1500 to 1900, most African slaves were shipped to ____&____
Brazil & Caribbean
In the 1700s _____ gained control of India
What was the dominant intellectual movement of the eighteenth century?
Who wrote The Wealth of Nations?
In Common Sense, Thomas Paine argued for
The ______ represented about 96 percent of the French population.
Under the National Convention, the suffrage was extended in France to all
Who was the most prominent leader of the Reign of Terror?
The ____ was a government headed by five men.
What event in France became the center of national celebrations after 1789?
The Fall of the Bastille
What was the name of the general who defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo?
The Duke of Wellington
What was invented by James Hargreaves in 1767?
The Spinning Wheel
Who wrote The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844?
During the early Industrial Revolution, women and children accounted for as much as what percentage of the labor force in the woolen industry?
Women factory workers were paid ____
About 1/3-1/2 of a man's wages
Who opposed industrialization?
The of 1833 limited child labor
Factory Regulations Act
Who wrote An Essay on the Principle of Population?
What were the three divisions of the Estates General?
The clergy, The Nobility, the Third Estate
The ____involved Napoleon's conquest of Spain.
Who wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
The author of The Social Contract was
The most famous work of Denis Diderot was _______.
Supplement to the Voyages of Bougainville
The author of Candide was
________________________'s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding introduced new ideas about the reliability of our senses.
Galileo's scientific work helped lay the foundations for which modern discipline?
Who founded the Quakers?
What two countries fought in the War of Jenkins' Ear?
Spain & Great Britian
The ________________________ required the purchase of stamps for any printed item.
What was the name of the treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War in 1783?
Treaty of Paris
Which political theorist inspired the Declaration of Independence?
Who showed that blood circulates throughout the body
Who first argued that the sun is at the center of the solar system?
Empiricism is based on
knowledge and experience
What is the belief that God exists but is not active in the world?
Who was an English noblewoman who wrote scientific and philosophical treatises?
The ________________________ are distinguished from other social groups because of their hereditary titles.
Between 1680 and 1820, the English population ____
More than doubled
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